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Recorded offences

The number of offences outlined in this section represent all offences recorded in the Victoria Police Law Enforcement Assistance Program (LEAP) database between July 2005 and June 2015, where Victoria Police have taken action against a crime prohibited by criminal law. These offences include crimes that have been reported to police as well as those identified by police. For the purposes of reporting, each specific offence belongs to a broader offence category which is used to describe and summarise each offence type.

3.1 Key movements in the number and rate of offences

  2010–11 2011–12 2012–13 2013–14 2014–15 % change 2013–14 to 2014–15
Number of Offences

377,952

406,862

425,249

449,307

469,830

4.6%

Offence rate per 100,000

6,824.9

7,223.4

7,409.4

7,691.4

7,894.9

2.6%

 

In 2014–15, there were 469,830 offences recorded by Victoria Police, rising by 4.6% from 449,307 offences in 2013–14. This resulted in an offence rate of 7,894.9 offences per 100,000 people in Victoria, increasing by 2.6% from 7,691.4 in 2013–14.

Over the last 5 years, the number of offences recorded in Victoria has been steadily increasing, with an average annual increase of 5.6%.

The offence rate in Victoria has also been increasing since 2010–11, with an average annual increase of 3.7%. This comes after five years of steady decreases in the offence rate.

 

Victorian offence rate per 100,000 population, July 2005 to June 2015

24 month trend testing

The CSA uses a 24 month trend test on each offence subdivision and Local Government Area to highlight changes that are statistically significant. The CSA uses the Kendall’s Rank Order Correlation statistical test (or Kendall‘s tau-b) to determine whether a series is trending upwards, downwards or is stable over the two years.

The following table outlines the offence categories which had statistically significant movements from July 2013 to June 2015. All other offence categories remained stable during this period as indicated by the trend test. For more information on the trend test see the Explanatory notes, and for the full data set see the Offences data tables.

 

2012–13

2013–14

2014–15

% change 2013–14 to 2014–15

Significance trend test over 24 months

A70 Stalking, harassment and threatening behaviour

10,346

10,773

12,162

12.9%

Up

A80 Dangerous and negligent acts endangering people

3,481

4,203

4,395

4.6%

Up

C10 Drug dealing and trafficking

3,895

4,115

4,947

20.2%

Up

C30 Drug use and possession

16,402

17,963

21,919

22.0%

Up

D10 Weapons and explosives offences

11,501

12,859

14,404

12.0%

Up

D20 Disorderly and offensive conduct

23,085

21,416

19,306

-9.9%

Down

E20 Breaches of orders

25,319

36,496

50,888

39.4%

Up

F30 Other government regulatory offences

920

1,108

662

-40.3%

Down

 

3.2 Number of recorded offences by the type of offence

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, July 2012 to June 2015

In the year ending 30 June 2015, the number of offences within the category of Crimes against the person increased by 3.7% (up 2,441 offences to 69,212) from the year ending June 2014. This was driven by increases in Stalking, harassment and threatening behaviour offences of 12.9% (up 1,389 offences to 12,162), and in Sexual offences of 5.4% (up 565 offences to 10,980). Abduction and related offences also increased by 78 offences to 708, contributing to the overall increase in this category. Assault offences made up over half (55.0%) of all Crimes against the person offences with 38,071 offences recorded in the year ending June 2015.

Property and deception offences decreased in the year ending June 2015, falling by 0.3% (down 817 offences to 276,048). All subdivisions apart from Arson, Theft and Bribery decreased in the year ending June 2015, the largest decreases were in Deception and Property damage offences, which fell by 1,981 and 1,597 offences respectively. Theft offences increased by 2.0%, and this subdivision made up over half (54.8%) of all Property and deception offences with 151,187 offences.

A 22.0% increase in Drug use and possession offences (up 3,956 offences to 21,919) drove the overall rise in Drug offences (up 20.6% offences to 28,813). Drug use and possession contributed more than three quarters of the total Drug offences (76.1%).  

Between the years ending 30 June 2014 and 2015, the number of Breaches of orders offences increased from 36,496 to 50,888 offences. This increase was the result of the introduction of new offences codes following amendments to the Bail Act 1977, which came into effect in December 2013. Breaches of bail conditions increased by 70.4% (up 4,983 offences) from 2012–13 to 2013–14 and 57.4% (up 6,924 offences) from 2013–14 to 2014–15 due to the introduction of these new offence codes. Additionally, in April 2013, another two new offence codes for breaches of family violence orders came into effect following amendments to the Family Violence Protection Act 2008, leading to a 29.6% (up 6,357 offences to 27,845) increase in the number of breaches of family violence orders in the year ending 30 June 2015. The increase in Breaches of orders was almost entirely comprised of counts against these new offences.

3.3 Regional profile

Between 2013–14 and 2014–15, there was an increase in the number of offences recorded in Victoria across all police regions. The Western and Eastern regions increased by 8.9% and 3.8% respectively, and the Metro regions, Southern and North West Metro increased by 6.7% and 2.1% respectively.

 

Offences recorded by Victorian Police Region, July 2012 to June 2015

Across all four regions, Property and deception offences accounted for the majority of all offences. Further information on the number of offences by Local Government Area is available in the Crime by location tool.

3.4 Investigation status

As at 21 July 2015, the most common investigation status for recorded offences in the category of Crimes against the person, was Arrest (28.1%, 19,422 offences). This was closely followed by Summons (24.8%, 17,173 offences).

The majority of Property and deception offences (64.1%, 176,861 offences) remained Unsolved, with Arrests being the next highest proportion at 20.5% (56,467 offences). Drug offences were most likely to have an investigation status of Arrest (61.6%, 17,754 offences). Public order and security offences were most likely to result in a Penalty Infringement Notice (40.8%, 14,904 offences), followed by an Arrest (29.1%, 10,611 offences).

As at 21 July 2015, the majority of Justice procedures offences resulted in an Arrest (49.8%, 28,690 offences) and 30.7% (17,722 offences) in a Summons. Over half of all Other offences (50.7%) resulted in a Summons (812 offences).


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Author: Crime Statistics Agency
Publisher: Crime Statistics Agency
Date of Publication: October 2015
Copyright: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
 

 

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