A victim report is counted when an individual, business or organisation is recorded on LEAP as being a victim of one or more criminal offences. A victim report involves only one victim but can involve multiple offences and alleged offenders. One report may involve offences that occur over a period of time but if processed by Victoria Police as one report it will have a count of one in the data presented in this section.
Where there were multiple offences recorded within the one victim report, the report is represented by an assigned offence category of the most serious offence, this is referred to as the principal offence.
Key movements in the number and rate of victim reports
Victorian victim reports and rate per 100,000 population, 10 year trend
In the last 12 months there was an increase of 1,224 victim reports (0.4%) and an increase of 9.2% or 25,209 victim reports from the year ending March 2010. The rate per 100,000 population decreased by 1.6% in the last 12 months, the lowest in the CSA data holdings, which go back to July 2004.
Number of victim reports by principal offence category
In order to assign an offence type to a victim report with multiple offences, the most serious offence within a report is determined and this becomes the principal offence for the victim report.
Of the 299,948 victim reports in the last 12 months, 233,520 (77.9%) had a principal offence of Property and deception offences, 66,267 reports (22.1%) were Crimes against the person and the remaining 161 victim reports were Other offences. The proportion of victim reports with a principal offence of Crimes against the person has increased in the last five years from 19.5% (53,874 victim reports) in the year ending March 2015.
Sex and age of victims
In the last 12 months, 218,296 victims were people (72.8%) and 81,652 victims were businesses or organisations (27.2%). These proportions have remained consistent over time. Over the last five years the number of person victims increased (6.6% or 13,589 victim reports) as did business or organisation victims (14.2% or 10,168 victim reports).
Of the 214,386 victim reports where sex was recorded, 55.1% (118,059 victim reports) were a male victim, while 44.9% (96,327 victim reports) were a female victim. In the last 12 months male victim reports decreased 0.6% or 701 victim reports while female victim reports decreased 0.6% or 613 victim reports. Five year trends show that these numbers have increased, up from 110,550 for male victim reports (6.8%) and up from 88,644 for female victim reports (8.7%).
Victim reports by age group and sex, year ending March 2019
Age patterns are similar between males and females where a person victim report was recorded by Victoria Police. However proportionally, female victims are concentrated in the younger age groups with 21.8% of female victims below 25 years of age compared to 18.1% of males. There were slightly more male victims in the older age groups than females, with 35.5% of males aged 45 and over compared with 31.9% of females. These trends have remained consistent over the last 5 years.
Reported victims of a Property and deception offence were more likely to be males, making up 58.6% (89,145) of the victim reports in this offence category. For the offence category Crimes against the person, females were more likely than males to be victims with 54.0% (35,704) of this offence category.