Recorded criminal incidents

The information outlined in this section represents all criminal incidents recorded in the Victoria Police Law Enforcement Assistance Program (LEAP), where Victoria Police have recorded a crime prohibited by criminal law. These include crimes that have been reported to police as well as those identified by police. For more information about counting rules, please refer to the Explanatory Notes.

1.1 Key movements in the number and rate of criminal incidents 

 

Year ending September

 

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

1 year

% change

5 year

% change

Criminal incidents

336,356

346,161

359,844

411,056

391,153

-4.8%

16.3%

Criminal incident rate per 100,000

5,866.5

5,929.3

6,051.4

6,772.3

6,352.4

-6.2%

8.3%

 

Victorian criminal incident rate per 100,000 population, 10 year trend

24 month trend testing 

The CSA uses a 24 month trend test on each offence subdivision and Local Government Area to highlight changes that are statistically significant. The CSA uses the Kendall’s Rank Order Correlation statistical test (or Kendall‘s tau-b) to determine whether a series is trending upwards, downwards or has been stable over the two years. For more information on the trend test please see the Explanatory notes and for the full data set, please see the recorded criminal incident data tables in Appendix 2 and Appendix 3.

Over the last 24 months, the major offence categories that showed significant upward trends were:

  • Sexual offences (up 18.0% from 6,852 to 8,084)
  • Robbery (up 12.6% from 2,293 to 2,581)
  • Dangerous and negligent acts endangering people (up 13.7% from 3,859 to 4,388)
  • Deception (up 8.5% from 19,720 to 21,403)

The major offence categories that showed significant downward trends were:

  • Arson (down 24.6% from 3,910 to 2,948)
  • Property damage (down 4.1% from 37,570 to 36,018)
  • Burglary/Break and enter (down 9.7% from 51,683 to 46,661)
  • Theft (down 11.5% from 154,447 to 136,752)
  • Justice procedures (down 11.9% from 8,763 to 7,717)

All other major offence categories showed a stable trend over the last 24 months.

1.2 Number of criminal incidents by principal offence category

In order to best represent the type of offence associated with a criminal incident involving multiple offences, the most serious offence within an incident is determined and this becomes the principal offence to represent the incident.

In the past 12 months, 62.3% of criminal incidents had a principal offence of Property and deception offences, 15.7% were Crimes against the person, and 11.6% were a Justice procedures offence. Public order and security offences made up 6.2% of all criminal incidents and Drug offences accounted for 3.9%. The remaining 0.2% consisted of Other offences not classified elsewhere.

Victorian criminal incidents recorded by principal offence category and quarter in the past 12 months

 

Oct – Dec 2016

Jan – Mar 2017

Apr – Jun 2017

Jul – Sept 2017

Total

Oct 2016 – Sept 2017

Number

Crimes against the person

 15,511

 16,401

 14,502

 15,133

      61,547

Property and deception offences

 67,872

 60,758

 58,514

 56,643

   243,787

Drug offences

 4,034

 3,704

 3,623

 3,723

      15,084

Public order and security offences

 6,347

 6,480

 5,952

 5,629

      24,408

Justice procedures offences

 11,853

 11,644

 10,938

 11,057

      45,492

Other offences

 213

 246

 204

 172

           835

Total

 105,830

 99,233

 93,733

 92,357

   391,153

Proportion (%)

Crimes against the person

 25.2%

 26.6%

 23.6%

 24.6%

 100.0%

Property and deception offences

 27.8%

 24.9%

 24.0%

 23.2%

 100.0%

Drug offences

 26.7%

 24.6%

 24.0%

 24.7%

 100.0%

Public order and security offences

 26.0%

 26.5%

 24.4%

 23.1%

 100.0%

Justice procedures offences

 26.1%

 25.6%

 24.0%

 24.3%

 100.0%

Other offences

 25.5%

 29.5%

 24.4%

 20.6%

 100.0%

Total

 27.1%

 25.4%

 24.0%

 23.6%

 100.0%

 

Victorian criminal incidents recorded by principal offence category, 5 year trend

In the last 12 months, there was an overall decrease in the number of criminal incidents with a principal offence of Property and deception offences of 23,548 incidents (8.8%). These were driven by decreases in the following subdivisions, all of which showed statistically significant downward trends; Theft by 11.5% (17,695 incidents), Arson by 24.6% (962 incidents), Burglary/Break and Enter by 9.7% (5,022 incidents) and Property Damage by 4.1% (1,552 incidents). Against this trend, Deception offences increased by 8.5% (1,683 incidents), and showed a statistically significant upward trend. The number of criminal incidents with a principal offence of Crimes against the person increased by 5.8% (3,363 incidents) compared to the previous year. This was driven by an 18.0% increase in criminal incidents with a principal offence that was a Sexual offence (1,232 incidents), a 13.7% increase in Dangerous and negligent acts endangering people (529 incidents) and a 12.6% increase in Robbery (288 incidents). All of these subdivisions had statistically significant upward trends. Assault and related offences showed an increase, up 3.0% (1,140 offences), but this was not statistically significant. 

Victorian criminal incidents recorded by principal offence category, 5 year trend

In the last 12 months, Public order and security offences remained stable with 24,408 criminal incidents. There was a statistically significant downward trend for the Justice procedures subdivision. Compared to the previous year the number of Justice procedures offence decreased by 11.9% (1,046 incidents). The number of criminal incidents with a principal offence that was a Drug offence remained stable at 15,084 incidents in the last 12 months.

1.3 Regional profile

In the last 12 months there was a decrease in the number of criminal incidents in Victoria across all police regions, by 20,280 incidents. The North West Metro and Southern Metro regions decreased by 7.8% and 5.7% respectively. The five Local Government Areas with the highest criminal incident rates were:

  • Melbourne (18,334.2 incidents per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 8.6%)
  • Latrobe (12,945.6 incidents per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 5.2%)
  • Yarra (11,284.0 incidents per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 7.5%)
  • Mildura (9,277.2 incidents per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 1.5%)
  • Greater Shepparton (9,242.9 incidents per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 4.3%)

Further information on the number and types of incidents by Local Government Area is available in the Crime by location tool at www.crimestatistics.vic.gov.au (External link).

1.4 Criminal incidents arising in the context of family violence 

A criminal incident is counted as having arisen in the context of family violence when Victoria Police have completed an L17 form and a criminal incident has also been recorded. The following graph highlights the number of criminal incidents that were related to a recorded family incident and those that were not over the past five years.

Victorian criminal incidents recorded by whether family incident related, 5 year trend 

 

In the last 12 months, there were 14.0% (54,634) recorded criminal incidents that related to a family incident.

1.5 Investigation status

At the time data was extracted, 26.9% of criminal incidents recorded in the past 12 months ending 30 September in the category of Crimes against the person resulted in an Arrest (16,566 incidents). There were 26.1% of criminal incidents resulting in a Summons (16,086 incidents) and 19.3% remained Unsolved (11,877 incidents). For 21.5% (13,234 incidents) an Intent to summons in the future had been recorded and the remaining 6.1% (3,784 incidents) resulted in either a Caution/Official warning, Penalty Infringement Notice or Other outcome.

Victorian criminal incidents recorded by investigation status, year ending September 2017

 

Arrest

Summons

Caution/ Official warning

Other

Intent to Summons

Unsolved

Total

 

Number

Crimes against the person

 16,566

 16,086

 511

 3,273

 13,234

 11,877

 61,547

Property and deception offences

 39,992

 16,325

 3,113

 1,334

 8,280

 174,743

 243,787

Drug offences

 7,800

 2,011

 4,097

 19

 574

 583

 15,084

Public order and security offences

 5,358

 4,383

 435

 12,240

 867

 1,125

 24,408

Justice procedures offences

 22,368

 11,919

 55

 1,869

 4,142

 5,139

 45,492

Other offences

 97

 385

 94

 21

 71

 167

 835

Total

 92,181

 51,109

 8,305

 18,756

 27,168

 193,634

 391,153

Proportion (%)

Crimes against the person

26.9%

26.1%

0.8%

5.3%

21.5%

19.3%

100.0%

Property and deception offences

16.4%

6.7%

1.3%

0.5%

3.4%

71.7%

100.0%

Drug offences

51.7%

13.3%

27.2%

0.1%

3.8%

3.9%

100.0%

Public order and security offences

22.0%

18.0%

1.8%

50.1%

3.6%

4.6%

100.0%

Justice procedures offences

49.2%

26.2%

0.1%

4.1%

9.1%

11.3%

100.0%

Other offences

11.6%

46.1%

11.3%

2.5%

8.5%

20.0%

100.0%

Total

23.6%

13.1%

2.1%

4.8%

6.9%

49.5%

100.0%

Other includes: Penalty infringement notice, caution not authorised, complaint withdrawn, notice to appear, no offence disclosed, not authorised, offender processed, warrant issued, summons not authorised, presentment and other statuses.

 

Criminal Incidents – Data Visualisation

The criminal incidents data visualisation contains the number and rate of criminal incidents in Victoria. 

For instructions on how to use the visualisation please download the 'Guide for use' PDF at the end of this page.

 

Author
Crime Statistics Agency, 2017
Publisher
Crime Statistics Agency, 2017
Date of Publication

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