Recorded criminal incidents

This data has now been superseded and is for historical reference only. For the most accurate data, the Crime Statistics Agency (CSA) recommends the use of data from the most recent release. The CSA does not recommend the use of this data to make comparisons over time.

1.1 Key movements in the number and rate of criminal incidents 

Victorian criminal incident rate per 100,000 population, 10 year trend

1.2 Number of criminal incidents by principal offence category 

In order to best represent the type of offence associated with a criminal incident involving multiple offences, the most serious offence within an incident is determined and this becomes the principal offence to represent the incident. For criminal incidents the most serious charge laid is selected, if no charges were laid, the most serious offence recorded will be selected. Further information on the derivation of a principal offence for a criminal incident can be found in the additional paper produced with this release Offence Types – Differences between Recorded Offences and Criminal Incidents, Year ending 31 March 2018.

24 month trend testing - criminal incidents

The CSA uses a 24 month trend test on each offence subdivision and Local Government Area to highlight changes that are statistically significant. The CSA uses the Kendall’s Rank Order Correlation statistical test (or Kendall‘s tau-b) to determine whether a series is trending upwards or downwards over the two years. For more information on the trend test see the Explanatory notes and for the full data set, see the recorded criminal incident data tables in Appendix 2 and Appendix 3.

Over the last 24 months, the major principle offence categories that showed significant upward trends for criminal incidents were:

  • Sexual offences (up 13.4% from 7,493 to 8,495)

The major principal offence categories that showed significant downward trends for criminal incidents were:

  • Abduction and related offences (down 13.6% from 469 to 405)
  • Burglary/Break and enter (down 15.2% from 50,684 to 42,966)
  • Theft (down 14.1% from 153,422 to 131,788)
  • Deception (down 6.8% from 21,756 to 20,270)
  • Drug dealing and trafficking (down 10.8% from 3,046 to 2,717)
  • Justice procedures (down 12.8% from 8,507 to 7,414)

All other major principal offence categories did not show a significant trend over the last 24 months.

In the past 12 months, 61.5% of criminal incidents had a principal offence of Property and deception offences, 16.3% were Crimes against the person, and 11.9% were Justice procedures offences. Public order and security offences made up 6.3% of all criminal incidents and Drug offences accounted for 3.9%. The remaining 0.2% consisted of Other offences not classified elsewhere.

Victorian criminal incidents recorded by principal offence category and quarter in the past 12 months

Victorian criminal incidents recorded by principal offence category, 5 year trend

In the last 12 months, there was a decrease in the number of criminal incidents with a principal offence of Property and deception offences (32,816 incidents, 12.3%), driven by a 14.1% decrease in Theft (21,634 incidents). Offence subdivisions Burglary/Break & enter, Theft and Deception all showed significant decreasing trends over the past 24 months.

The number of criminal incidents with a principal offence of Crimes against the person increased by 0.9% (566 incidents) compared to the previous year. Offence subdivision Sexual offences showed a significant increasing trend over the past 24 months. Incidents of Sexual offences increased by the highest number from the 2017 to 2018 reference periods, up by 13.4% (1,002 incidents). Offence subdivision Abduction and related offences showed a significant decreasing trend over the past 24 months, down 13.6% (64 incidents) in the last 12 months.

Victorian criminal incidents recorded by principal offence category, 5 year trend

Compared to the previous year the number of Drug offences incidents decreased by 6.8% (1,074 incidents). This was driven by drug use and possession which decreased by 6.1% (712 incidents). Drug dealing and trafficking incidents also decreased by 10.8% (329 incidents). There was a significant downward trend in Drug dealing and trafficking incidents over the 24 month period ending March 2018.

In the last 12 months Justice procedures offences incidents decreased by 5.6% (2,690 incidents). There was a significant decreasing trend in the Justice Procedures subdivision over the 24 month period ending March 2018, down 12.8% (1,093 incidents) in the 12 month reference period.

1.3 Regional profile

In the last 12 months there was a decrease in the number of criminal incidents in Victoria across all four police regions, by 37,079 incidents (8.9%). The Southern Metro Region decreased by 11.4%, followed by the North West Metro Eastern Region (both 8.4%) and Western Region (7.3%). The five Local Government Areas with the highest criminal incident rates were:

  • Melbourne (15,502.7 incidents per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 11.9%)
  • Latrobe (12,538.7 incidents per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 9.6%)
  • Yarra (10,852.6 incidents per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 7.6%)
  • Greater Shepparton (9,033.4 incidents per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 6.1%)
  • Mildura (8,723.1 incidents per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 7.9%)

Further information on the number and types of incidents by Local Government Area is available in the Crime by location tool at www.crimestatistics.vic.gov.au.

1.4 Criminal incidents arising in the context of family violence 

A criminal incident is counted as having arisen in the context of family violence when Victoria Police have completed an L17 form and a criminal offence has also been recorded. The following graph highlights the number of criminal incidents that were and were not related to a recorded family incident over the past five years.

Victorian criminal incidents recorded by whether family incident related, 5 year trend

In the last 12 months, there were 14.1% (53,695) of recorded criminal incidents related to a family incident.

1.5 Investigation status 

At the time the data were extracted, 26.4% of criminal incidents recorded in the past 12 months in the category of Crimes against the person resulted in an Arrest (16,369 incidents). A further 24.5% of criminal incidents resulted in a Summons (15,200 incidents) and 20.6% remained Unsolved (12,765 incidents). For 22.1% (13,711 incidents) an Intent to summons in the future had been recorded and the remaining 6.3% (3,899 incidents) resulted in either a Caution/Official warning, Penalty Infringement Notice or Other outcome. For more information about counting rules, please refer to the Explanatory Notes.

Victorian criminal incidents recorded by investigation status, year ending March 2018

Other includes: Penalty infringement notice, caution not authorised, complaint withdrawn, notice to appear, no offence disclosed, not authorised, offender processed, warrant issued, summons not authorised, presentment and other statuses.
 

Criminal Incidents – Data Visualisation

The criminal incidents data visualisation contains the number and rate of criminal incidents in Victoria. 

For instructions on how to use the visualisation please download the 'Guide for use' PDF at the end of this page.

 

Author
Crime Statistics Agency, 2018
Publisher
Crime Statistics Agency, 2018
Date of Publication

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