Recorded offences

The offences outlined in this section represent all offences recorded in the Victoria Police Law Enforcement Assistance Program (LEAP) database between April 2011 and March 2016, where Victoria Police have recorded a crime prohibited by criminal law. These offences include crimes that have been reported to police as well as those identified by police. For the purposes of reporting, each specific offence belongs to a broader offence category which is used to describe and summarise each offence type.

1.1 Key movements in the number and rate of family incidents

 

Apr 2011 - Mar 2012

Apr 2012 - Mar 2013

Apr 2013 - Mar 2014

Apr 2014 - Mar 2015

Apr 2015 - Mar 2016

% change Mar 2015 - Mar 2016

Number of offences

395,987

418,597

452,655

461,796

519,130

12.4%

Offence rate per 100,000

7,030.4

7,300.8

7,753.5

7,777.6

8,575.9

10.3%

 

In the year ending 31 March 2016, there were 519,130 offences recorded by Victoria Police, an increase of 12.4% from 461,796 offences in the previous year. This resulted in an offence rate of 8,575.9 offences per 100,000 people in Victoria, an increase of 10.3% from the year ending 31 March 2015.

Over the past five years, the offence rate per 100,000 people in Victoria has been steadily increasing, with an average annual increase of 5.2%.

 

Victorian offence rate per 100,000 population, April 2011 to March 2016

 

Victorian offence rate per 100,000 population, April 2011 to March 2016

24 month trend testing

The CSA uses a 24 month trend test on each offence subdivision and Local Government Area to highlight changes that are statistically significant. The CSA uses the Kendall’s Rank Order Correlation statistical test (or Kendall‘s tau-b) to determine whether a series is trending upwards, downwards or has been stable over the two years.

The following table outlines the offence categories which had statistically significant movements from April 2013 to March 2016. All other offence categories remained stable during this period as indicated by the trend test. For more information on the trend test please see the Explanatory notes and for the full data set, please see the Offences data tables.

 

Apr 2013 - Mar 2014

Apr 2014 - Mar 2015

Apr 2015 - Mar 2016

% change

 Mar 2015 - Mar 2016

Significance trend test over 24 months

Assault and related offences

37,728

37,376

40,941

9.5%

UP

Abduction and related offences

677

683

773

13.2%

UP

Burglary/Break and enter

46,791

44,983

51,134

13.7%

UP

Theft

148,733

147,688

171,531

16.1%

UP

Drug dealing and trafficking

4,518

4,639

5,321

14.7%

UP

Drug use and possession

18,029

20,651

23,421

13.4%

UP

Weapons and explosives offences

12,948

13,707

16,248

18.5%

UP

Disorderly and offensive conduct

23,779

20,530

17,328

-15.6%

DOWN

Justice procedures

6,466

6,712

11,031

64.3%

UP

Breaches of orders

32,727

49,608

56,261

13.4%

UP

Transport regulation offences

453

462

526

13.9%

UP

 

1.2 Number of recorded offences by the type of offence

In the year ending 31 March 2016, 59.3% of offences recorded were coded to the category of Property and deception offences, 14.3% were in the category of Crimes against the person, and 13% were a Justice procedures offencePublic order and security offences made up 7.2% of all offences and Drug offences accounted for 5.9%. The remaining 0.3% consisted ofOther offences not classified elsewhere.

 

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, April 2011 to March 2016

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, April 2011 to March 2016

In the year ending 31 March 2016, the number of offences within the category of Crimes against the person increased by 8.3% (5,672 offences) from the year ending March 2015. This was driven by an increase in Assault and related offences of 9.5% (3,565 offences), which was a statistically significant upward trend. Dangerous and negligent acts endangering people and Stalking, harassment and threatening behaviour offences also increased by 18.1% (780 offences) and 6.1% (733 offences) respectively, contributing to the overall increase in this category. Assault offences continue to be the largest offence type in this category, making up over half (55.1%) of all Crimes against the person offences with 40,941 offences recorded.

The number of Property and deception offences increased by 13.5% (36,710 offences) in the year ending 31 March 2016. There were statistically significant upward trends in Burglary/Break and enter and Theft offences. Theft offences increased by 16.1% (23,843 offences) to 171,531 offences, while Burglary/Break and enter offences increased by 13.7% (6,151 offences) to 51,134 offences and made up 72.3% of all Property and deception offences.

 

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, April 2013 to March 2016

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, April 2013 to March 2016

The statistically significant increases in both Drug dealing and trafficking (14.7%, 682 offences) and Drug use and possession offences (13.4%, 2,770 offences) drove the overall rise inDrug offences (14.1%, 3,810 offences). Drug use and possession offences made up three quarters of the total Drug offences (76%, 23,421 offences).

Of the four subdivisions making up Public order and security offences two had statistically significant trends in year ending 31 March 2016. Disorderly and offensive conduct offences decreased by 15.6% (3,202 offences). However, the increase in Weapons and explosives offences (18.5%, 2,541 offences) drove the overall increase in this division.

From the year ending March 2015 to March 2016, there was an increase of 19.5% in the number of Justice procedures offences recorded (10,972 offences) and both subdivisions had statistically significant upward trends. Justice procedure offences increased 64.3% (4,319 offences) and Breach of orders increased 13.4% (6,653 offences).

Breach of orders has been increasing significantly over the past two years due to the introduction of new offence codes under amendments to the Bail Act 1977, which came into effect in December 2013. Additionally, in April 2013, another two new offence codes for breaches of family violence orders came into effect under amendments to the Family Violence Protection Act 2008.

 

Recorded offences for Breaches of orders[2], April 2011 to March 2016

Recorded offences for Breaches of orders, April 2011 to March 2016

 

1.3 Regional profile

Between the year ending 31 March 2015 and 2016, there was an increase in the number of offences recorded in Victoria across all police regions. The Eastern and Western regions increased by 11.7% and 13% respectively, and the North West Metro and Southern Metro regions increased by 10.6% and 15.8% respectively.

 

Offences recorded by Victorian Police Region, April 2013 to March 2016

Offences recorded by Victorian Police Region, April 2013 to March 2016

The increase in offences was fairly evenly dispersed across police regions in the year ending 31 March 2016. Across all four regions, Property and deception offences accounted for the majority of all offences.

Further information on the number and types of offences by Local Government Area is available in our Crime by location tool.

1.4 Investigation status

As at 18 April 2016, 28.3% of offences in the category of Crimes against the person had resulted in an Arrest (21,062 offences). There were 24.1% of offences resulting in a Summons (17,883 offences) and 16.2% remained Unsolved (12,019 offences). Another 21.8% (16,228 offences) had been actioned as an Intent to summons and the remaining 9.6% (7,149 offences) resulted in either a Caution/Official warning, Penalty Infringement Notice or Other outcome.

The majority of Property and deception offences (63.9%, 196,659 offences) remained Unsolved as at 18 April 2016, while 22.5% (69,181 offences) had resulted in an Arrest.

There were 66.5% of Drug offences resulting in an Arrest (20,472 offences), while the next most common outcome was a Caution/Official warning (14.3%, 4,419 offences).

Public order and security offences were most likely to result in an Arrest (35.4%, 13,134 offences), followed by a Penalty Infringement Notice (34.6%, 12,866 offences).

As at 18 April 2016, just over half of all Justice procedures offences had resulted in an Arrest (50.9%, 34,230 offences) while 26.7% of offences had resulted in a Summons (17,944 offences).

 

Offences recorded by offence category and outcome, April 2015 to March 2016

Offences recorded by offence category and outcome, April 2015 to March 2016

 


[1] Operational changes have affected the recording of offences in the ‘Breach of bail’ offence category. For more information, please see the Explanatory notes
[2] Operational changes have affected the recording of offences in the ‘Breach of bail’ offence category. For more information, please see the Explanatory notes

Author
Crime Statistics Agency
Publisher
Crime Statistics Agency
Date of Publication

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