Recorded offences

The offences outlined in this section represent all offences recorded in the Victoria Police Law Enforcement Assistance Program (LEAP) database between July 2011 and June 2016, where Victoria Police have recorded a crime prohibited by criminal law. These offences include crimes that have been reported to police as well as those identified by police. For the purposes of reporting, each specific offence belongs to a broader offence category which is used to describe and summarise each offence type.

3.1 Key movements in the number and rate of offences

 

 

Jul 2011 - Jun 2012

Jul 2012 - Jun 2013

Jul 2013 - Jun 2014

Jul 2014 - Jun 2015

Jul 2015 - Jun 2016

% change Jun 2015 - Jun 2016

Number of offences

406,973

425,388

449,368

472,611

535,826

13.4%

Offence rate per 100,000

7,225.4

7,419.3

7,697.1

7,959.8

8,851.7

11.2%

 

In the year ending June 2016, there were 535,826 offences recorded by Victoria Police, an increase of 13.4% from 472,611 offences in the previous year. This resulted in an offence rate of 8,851.7 offences per 100,000 people in Victoria, an increase of 11.2% from the year ending June 2015.

Over the past five years, the offence rate per 100,000 people in Victoria has been steadily increasing, with an average annual increase of 5.3%.

 

Victorian offence rate per 100,000 population, July 2011 to June 2016

 

24 month trend testing

The CSA uses a 24 month trend test on each offence subdivision and Local Government Area to highlight changes that are statistically significant. The CSA uses the Kendall’s Rank Order Correlation statistical test (or Kendall‘s tau-b) to determine whether a series is trending upwards, downwards or has been stable over the two years.

The following table outlines the offence categories which had statistically significant movements from July 2013 to June 2016. All other offence categories remained stable during this period as indicated by the trend test. For more information on the trend test please see the Explanatory notes and for the full data set, please see the Offences data tables.

 

 

Jul 2013 - Jun 2014

Jul 2014 - Jun 2015

Jul 2015 - Jun 2016

% change Jun 2015 - Jun 2016

Significance trend test over 24 months

A20 Assault and related offences

37,632

37,633

41,806

11.1%

UP

A50 Robbery

2,603

2,530

2,888

14.2%

UP

A80 Dangerous and negligent acts endangering people

4,195

4,338

5,341

23.1%

UP

B30 Burglary/Break and enter

46,447

46,250

52,087

12.6%

UP

B40 Theft

148,319

151,834

180,988

19.2%

UP

D20 Disorderly and offensive conduct

21,423

19,387

17,018

-12.2%

DOWN

D30 Public nuisance offences

2,547

2,655

3,452

30.0%

UP

E10 Justice procedures

6,346

6,887

12,854

86.6%

UP

E20 Breaches of orders

36,498

51,525

57,794

12.2%

UP

F10 Regulatory driving offences

27

30

18

-40.0%

DOWN

F20 Transport regulation offences

478

459

612

33.3%

UP

 

3.2 Number of recorded offences by the type of offence

In the year ending June 2016, 59.8% of offences recorded were coded to the category of Property and deception offences, 14.3% were in the category of Crimes against the person, and 13.2% were a Justice procedures offence. Public order and security offences made up 6.8% of all offences and Drug offences accounted for 5.6%. The remaining 0.3% consisted of Other offences not classified elsewhere.

 

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, July 2011 to June 2016

In the year ending June 2016, the number of offences within the category of Crimes against the person increased by 10.6% (7,327 offences) from the year ending June 2015. This was driven by an increase in Assault and related offences of 11.1% (4,173 offences), which was a statistically significant upward trend. Dangerous and negligent acts endangering people and Stalking, harassment and threatening behaviour offences also increased by 23.1% (1,003 offences) and 5.2% (636 offences) respectively, contributing to the overall increase in this category. Assault offences continue to be the largest offence type in this category, making up over half (54.6%) of all Crimes against the person offences with 41,806 offences recorded.

The number of Property and deception offences increased by 15.4% (42,642 offences) in the year ending June 2016. There were statistically significant upward trends in Burglary/Break and enter and Theft offences. Theft offences increased by 19.2% (29,154 offences) to 180,988 offences, while Burglary/Break and enter offences increased by 12.6% (5,837 offences) to 52,087 offences and together made up 72.8% of all Property and deception offences.

 

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, July 2013 to June 2016

There were no statistically significant trends in Drug offences in the year to June 2016. Drug dealing and trafficking (2.2%, 112 offences) and Drug use and possession offences (5.7%, 1,245 offences) drove the overall rise in Drug offences (4.1%, 1,195 offences). Drug use and possession offences made up three quarters of the total Drug offences (77%, 23,216 offences).

Two of the four subdivisions making up Public order and security offences showed statistically significant trends in year ending June 2016. Disorderly and offensive conduct offences decreased by 12.2% (2,369 offences), while Public nuisance offences increased by 30% (797 offences).

From the year ending June 2015 to June 2016, there was an increase of 20.9% (12,236 offences) in the number of Justice procedures offences recorded and both subdivisions had statistically significant upward trends. Justice procedures increased 86.6% (5,967 offences) and Breach of orders increased 12.2% (6,269 offences).

Breach of orders has been increasing significantly over the past two years following the introduction of new offence codes under amendments to the Bail Act 1977, which came into effect in December 2013. Additionally, in April 2013, another two new offence codes for breaches of family violence orders came into effect under amendments to the Family Violence Protection Act 2008.

 

Recorded offences for Breaches of orders[1], July 2011 to June 2016

 

3.3 Regional profile

Between the year ending June 2015 and 2016, there was an increase in the number of offences recorded in Victoria across all police regions. The Eastern and Western regions increased by 13.1% and 13.5% respectively, and the North West Metro and Southern Metro regions increased by 12.9% and 14.2% respectively.

 

Offences recorded by Victorian Police Region, July 2013 to June 2016

The increase in offences was fairly evenly dispersed across police regions in the year ending June 2016. Across all four regions, Property and deception offences accounted for the majority of all offences.

Further information on the number and types of offences by Local Government Area is available in the Crime by location tool at www.crimestatistics.vic.gov.au (External link).

 

3.4 Investigation status

As at 18 July 2016, 28.4% of offences in the category of Crimes against the person had resulted in an Arrest (21,717 offences). There were 24.1% of offences resulting in a Summons (18,470 offences) and 16.4% remained Unsolved (12,588 offences). For 21% (16,083 offences) an Intent to summons in the future had been recorded and the remaining 10% (7,685 offences) resulted in either a Caution/Official warning, Penalty Infringement Notice or Other outcome.

The majority of Property and deception offences 63.7% (204,101 offences) remained Unsolved as at 18 July 2016, while 22.9% (73,415 offences) had resulted in an Arrest.

There were 66.9% of Drug offences resulting in an Arrest (20,166 offences), while the next most common outcome was a Caution/Official warning 14.3% (4,318 offences).

Public order and security offences were most likely to result in an Arrest 35.8% (13,071 offences), followed by a Penalty Infringement Notice 34.4% (12,569 offences).

As at 18 July 2016, just over half of all Justice procedures offences had resulted in an Arrest 50.3% (35,566 offences) while 26.9% of offences had resulted in a Summons (19,036 offences).

 

Offences recorded by offence category and outcome, July 2015 to June 2016

 


[1] Operational changes have affected the recording of offences in the ‘Breach of bail’ offence category. For more information, please see the Explanatory notes.

Get Adobe Reader (External link) Get Open Office (External link) You may need Adobe® Acrobat® Reader or Open Office to view the document(s) on this page. Get Adobe® Acrobat® Reader (External link) Get Open Office (External link)