Recorded offences

The offences outlined in this section represent all offences recorded in the Victoria Police Law Enforcement Assistance Program (LEAP) database between October 2011 and September 2016, where Victoria Police have recorded a crime prohibited by criminal law. These offences include crimes that have been reported to police as well as those identified by police. For the purposes of reporting, each specific offence belongs to a broader offence category which is used to describe and summarise each offence type.

 

1.1 Key Movements in the number and rate of offences

 

 

Oct 2011 - Sept 2012

Oct 2012 - Sept 2013

Oct 2013 - Sept 2014

Oct 2014 - Sept 2015

Oct 2015 - Sept 2016

% change Sept 2015 - Sept 2016

Number of offences

410,421

433,397

455,580

487,017

543,315

11.6%

Offence rate per 100,000

7,286.6

7,559.0

7,803.6

8,202.4

8,975.4

9.4%

 

In the year ending September 2016, there were 543,315 offences recorded by Victoria Police, an increase of 11.6% from 487,017 offences in the previous year. This resulted in an offence rate of 8,975.4 offences per 100,000 people in Victoria, an increase of 9.4% from the year ending September 2015.

Over the past five years, the offence rate per 100,000 people in Victoria has been steadily increasing, with an average annual increase of 5.4%.

Victorian offence rate per 100,000 population, October 2011 to September 2016

24 month trend testing

The CSA uses a 24 month trend test on each offence subdivision and Local Government Area to highlight changes that are statistically significant. The CSA uses the Kendall’s Rank Order Correlation statistical test (or Kendall‘s tau-b) to determine whether a series is trending upwards, downwards or has been stable over the two years.

The following table outlines the offence categories which had statistically significant movements from October 2014 to September 2016. All other offence categories remained stable during this period as indicated by the trend test. For more information on the trend test please see the Explanatory notes and for the full data set, please see the Offences data tables.

 

Oct 2013 - Sept 2014

Oct 2014 - Sept 2015

Oct 2015 - Sept 2016

% change Sept 2015 - Sept 2016

Significance trend test over 24 months

A20 Assault and related offences

37,470

37,974

42,754

12.6%

UP

A50 Robbery

2,541

2,522

3,063

21.5%

UP

A80 Dangerous and negligent acts endangering people

4,263

4,617

5,564

20.5%

UP

B30 Burglary/Break and enter

45,806

47,678

54,219

13.7%

UP

B40 Theft

149,154

158,855

186,636

17.5%

UP

C30 Drug use and possession

19,273

22,547

23,768

5.4%

UP

D20 Disorderly and offensive conduct

21,090

18,865

16,545

-12.3%

DOWN

D30 Public nuisance offences

2,617

2,825

3,442

21.8%

UP

E10 Justice procedures

6,416

7,808

13,689

75.3%

UP

E20 Breaches of orders

42,296

51,496

58,528

13.7%

UP

F10 Regulatory driving offences

28

30

14

-53.3%

DOWN

F20 Transport regulation offences

501

463

674

45.6%

UP

F30 Other government regulatory offences

987

665

523

-21.4%

DOWN

 

1.2 Number of recorded offences by the type of offence

In the year ending September 2016, 59.9% of offences recorded were coded to the category of Property and deception offences, 14.3% were in the category of Crimes against the person, and 13.3% were a Justice procedures offence. Public order and security offences made up 6.6% of all offences and Drug offences accounted for 5.6%. The remaining 0.3% consisted of Other offences not classified elsewhere.

Victorian offences recorded by offence category and quarter, October 2015 to September 2016

 

Oct 2015 – Dec 2015

Jan 2016 – Mar 2016

Apr 2016 – Jun 2016

Jul 2016 – Sept 2016

Total Oct 2015 – Sept 2016

Number

Crimes against the person

18,827

20,206

19,424

19,192

7,7649

Property and deception offences

77,919

81,893

82,102

83,772

325,686

Drug offences

7,058

7,319

7,525

8,466

30,368

Public order and security offences

9,141

9,666

8,359

8,572

35,738

Justice procedures offences

17,164

19,881

17,627

17,545

72,217

Other offences

431

431

444

351

1,657

Total

130,540

139,396

135,481

137,898

543,315

Proportion (%)

Crimes against the person

24.2%

26.0%

25.0%

24.7%

100.0%

Property and deception offences

23.9%

25.1%

25.2%

25.7%

100.0%

Drug offences

23.2%

24.1%

24.8%

27.9%

100.0%

Public order and security offences

25.6%

27.0%

23.4%

24.0%

100.0%

Justice procedures offences

23.8%

27.5%

24.4%

24.3%

100.0%

Other offences

26.0%

26.0%

26.8%

21.2%

100.0%

Total

24.0%

25.7%

24.9%

25.4%

100.0%

 

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, October 2011 to September 2016

In the year ending September 2016, the number of offences within the category of Crimes against the person increased by 10.3% (7,248 offences) from the year ending September 2015. This was driven by an increase in Assault and related offences of 12.6% (4,780 offences), which was a statistically significant upward trend. Dangerous and negligent acts endangering people and Stalking, harassment and threatening behaviour offences also increased by 20.5% (947 offences) and 5.1% (617 offences) respectively, contributing to the overall increase in this category. Assault offences continue to be the largest offence type in this category, making up over half (55.1%) of all Crimes against the person offences with 42,754 offences recorded.

The number of Property and deception offences increased by 12.9% (37,114 offences) in the year ending September 2016. There were statistically significant upward trends in Burglary/Break and enter and Theft offences. Theft offences increased by 17.5% (27,781 offences) to 186,636 offences, while Burglary/Break and enter offences increased by 13.7% (6,541 offences) to 54,219 offences and together made up 74% of all Property and deception offences.

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, October 2013 to September 2016

In the year ending September 2016, Drug offences increased by 1.7% (520 offences). Drug use and possession offences was the only subdivision to increase (5.4 %, 1,221 offences), which was a statistically significantly upward trend. Drug dealing and trafficking and Cultivate or manufacture drugs decreased by 6.1% (319 offences) and 7.9% (141 offences) respectively. Drug use and possession offences made up more than three quarters of the total Drug offences (78.3%, 23,768 offences).

Two of the four subdivisions making up Public order and security offences showed statistically significant trends in year ending September 2016. Disorderly and offensive conduct offences decreased by 12.3% (2,320 offences), while Public nuisance offences increased by 21.8% (617 offences).

From the year ending September 2015 to September 2016, there was an increase of 21.8% (12,913 offences) in the number of Justice procedures offences recorded and both subdivisions had statistically significant upward trends. Justice procedures increased 75.3% (5,881 offences) and Breach of orders increased 13.7% (7,032 offences).

Breach of orders has been increasing significantly over the past two years following the introduction of new offence codes under amendments to the Bail Act 1977, which came into effect in December 2013. Additionally, in April 2013, another two new offence codes for breaches of family violence orders came into effect under amendments to the Family Violence Protection Act 2008.

Recorded offences for Breaches of orders[1], October 2011 to September 2016

 

1.3 Regional profile

Between the year ending September 2015 and 2016, there was an increase in the number of offences recorded in Victoria across all police regions. The Eastern and Western regions increased by 11.5% and 13.4% respectively, and the North West Metro and Southern Metro regions increased by 10.5% and 11.9% respectively.

Offences recorded by Victorian Police Region, October 2013 to September 2016

The increase in offences was fairly evenly dispersed across police regions in the year ending September 2016. Across all four regions, Property and deception offences accounted for the majority of all offences.

Further information on the number and types of offences by Local Government Area is available in the Crime by location tool at www.crimestatistics.vic.gov.au.

 

1.4 Investigation status

As at 18 October 2016, 28.1% of offences in the category of Crimes against the person had resulted in an Arrest (21,822 offences). There were 24.4% of offences resulting in a Summons (18,911 offences) and 16.8% remained Unsolved (13,021 offences). For 20.9% (16,200 offences) an Intent to summons in the future had been recorded and the remaining 9.9% (7,694 offences) resulted in either a Caution/Official warning, Penalty Infringement Notice or Other outcome.

The majority of Property and deception offences (65%, 211,853 offences) remained Unsolved as at 18 October 2016, while 21.9% (71,432 offences) had resulted in an Arrest.

There were 66.8% of Drug offences resulting in an Arrest (20,282 offences), while the next most common outcome was a Caution/Official warning 14.4% (4,369 offences).

Public order and security offences were most likely to result in an Arrest (36.1%, 12,891 offences), followed by a Penalty Infringement Notice (34%, 12,154 offences).

As at 18 October 2016, just under half of all Justice procedures offences had resulted in an Arrest (49.7%, 35,882 offences) while 27.9% of offences had resulted in a Summons (20,146 offences).

Offences recorded by offence category and outcome, October 2015 to September 2016

 

 

[1] Operational changes have affected the recording of offences in the ‘Breach of bail’ offence category. For more information, please see the Explanatory notes.

 

*Please note there has been a typographical error corrected in the file Data tables - Recorded offences. This has now been corrected. However if you downloaded the file prior to 7 January 2017, please disregard and use the updated version. 

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