Recorded offences

The offences outlined in this section represent all offences recorded in the Victoria Police Law Enforcement Assistance Program (LEAP) database between April 2012 and March 2017, where Victoria Police have recorded a crime prohibited by criminal law. These offences include crimes that have been reported to police as well as those identified by police. For the purposes of reporting, each specific offence belongs to a broader offence category which is used to describe and summarise each offence type.

1.1 Key movements in the number and rate of offences 

 

Apr 2012 - Mar 2013

Apr 2013 - Mar 2014

Apr 2014 - Mar 2015

Apr 2015 - Mar 2016

Apr 2016 - Mar 2017

% change 2016 - 2017

Number of offences

418,588

452,701

461,265

522,677

543,391

4.0%

Offence rate per 100,000

7,300.7

7,754.2

7,756.9

8,611.3

8,824.8

2.5%

 

In the year ending March 2017, there were 543,391 offences recorded by Victoria Police, an increase of 4.0% from 522,677offences in the previous year. This resulted in an offence rate of 8,824.8 offences per 100,000 people in Victoria, an increase of 2.5% from the year ending March 2016.

Over the past five years, the offence rate per 100,000 people in Victoria has been steadily increasing, with an average annual increase of 4.9% during this period.

Victorian offence rate per 100,000 population, April 2012 to March 2017

 

24 month trend testing

The CSA uses a 24 month trend test on each offence subdivision and Local Government Area to highlight changes that are statistically significant. The CSA uses the Kendall’s Rank Order Correlation statistical test (or Kendall‘s tau-b) to determine whether a series is trending upwards, downwards or has been stable over the two years.

The following table outlines the offence categories which had statistically significant movements from April 2015 to March 2017. All other offence categories remained stable during this period as indicated by the trend test. For more information on the trend test please see the Explanatory notes and for the full data set, please see the Offences data tables.

Recorded offences for statistically significant offence trends, April 2014 to March 2017

 

Apr 2014 - Mar 2015

Apr 2015 - Mar 2016

Apr 2016 - Mar 2017

% change 2016 - 2017

Significance trend test over 24 months

A20 Assault and related offences

37,009

40,551

43,765

7.9%

UP

A50 Robbery

2,414

2,753

3,293

19.6%

UP

A80 Dangerous and negligent acts endangering people

4,258

5,055

6,076

20.2%

UP

B40 Theft

147,706

173,021

189,191

9.3%

UP

C10 Drug dealing and trafficking

4,644

5,360

4,749

-11.4%

DOWN

E10 Justice procedures

6,710

11,069

13,285

20.0%

UP

F20 Transport regulation offences

461

543

860

58.4%

UP

1.2 Number of recorded offences by the type of offence

In the year ending March 2017, 59.8% of offences recorded were coded to the category of Property and deception offences, 14.7% were in the category of Crimes against the person, and 13.0% were a Justice procedures offence. Public order and security offences made up 6.6% of all offences and Drug offences accounted for 5.7%. The remaining 0.3% consisted of Other offences not classified elsewhere.

Victorian offences recorded by offence category and quarter, April 2016 to March 2017

 

Apr – Jun 2016

Jul – Sept 2016

Oct – Dec 2016

Jan – Mar 2017

Total

Apr 2016 – Mar 2017

Number

Crimes against the person

19,401

19,076

20,349

20,941

79,767

Property and deception offences

82,152

84,419

83,109

75,033

324,713

Drug offences

7,540

8,470

7,875

7,031

30,916

Public order and security offences

8,408

8,637

9,288

9,319

35,652

Justice procedures offences

17,659

17,483

17,326

18,082

70,550

Other offences

440

366

465

522

1,793

Total

135,600

138,451

138,412

130,928

543,391

Proportion (%)

Crimes against the person

24.3%

23.9%

25.5%

26.3%

100.0%

Property and deception offences

25.3%

26.0%

25.6%

23.1%

100.0%

Drug offences

24.4%

27.4%

25.5%

22.7%

100.0%

Public order and security offences

23.6%

24.2%

26.1%

26.1%

100.0%

Justice procedures offences

25.0%

24.8%

24.6%

25.6%

100.0%

Other offences

24.5%

20.4%

25.9%

29.1%

100.0%

Total

25.0%

25.5%

25.5%

24.1%

100.0%

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, April 2012 to March 2017

 

In the year ending March 2017, the number of offences within the category of Crimes against the person increased by 7.5% (5,570 offences) from the year ending March 2016. This was driven by an increase in Assault and related offences of 7.9% (3,214 offences), which was a statistically significant upward trend. Sexual offences and Dangerous and negligent acts endangering people offences also increased by 11.9% (1,432 offences) and 20.2% (1,021 offences) respectively, contributing to the overall increase in this category. Assault offences continue to be the largest offence type in this category, making up over half (54.9%) of all Crimes against the person offences with 43,765 offences recorded.

The number of Property and deception offences increased by 4.5% (13,960 offences) in the year ending March 2017. There was a statistically significant upward trend in Theft offences. Theft offences increased by 9.3% (16,170 offences) to 189,191 offences, while Burglary/Break and enter offences increased by 4.5% (2,286 offences) to 53,459 offences and together made up 74.7% of all Property and deception offences.  There were decreases in Deception offences and Arson offences by 7.8% (3,007 offences) and 20.1% (875 offences) respectively.

Recorded offences for Theft, April 2015 to March 2017

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, April 2014 to March 2017

In the year ending March 2017, Drug offences were steady with an overall increase of 82 offences. Drug dealing and trafficking had a statistically significant downward trend in the year ending March 2017, decreasing by 11.4% (611 offences). Drug use and possession offences was the only subdivision to increase (5.1%, 1,193 offences), and made up more than three quarters of the total Drug offences (79.6%, 24,596 offences).

The number of Public order and security offences decreased by 4.7% (1,760 offences) in the year ending March 2017. All subdivisions showed a decrease, with Disorderly and offensive conduct offences and Weapons and explosives offences as the main drivers, down by 6.2% (1,082 offences) and 2.4% (390 offences) respectively.

From the year ending March 2016 to March 2017, there was an increase of 4.0% (2,701 offences) in the number of offences recorded for the Justice procedures offences division. For the subdivisions, Justice procedures had a statistically significant upward trend, and increased by 20.0% (2,216 offences), and Breaches of orders increased 0.9% (485 offences).

1.3 Regional profile

Between the year ending March 2016 and March 2017, there was an increase in the number of offences recorded in Victoria across all police regions. The Eastern and Western regions increased by 5.1% and 5.6% respectively, and the North West Metro and Southern Metro regions increased by 1.7% and 5.4% respectively.

Offences recorded by Victorian Police Region, April 2014 to March 2017

The increase in offences was fairly evenly dispersed across police regions in the year ending March 2017. Across all four regions, Property and deception offences accounted for the majority of all offences.

Further information on the number and types of offences by Local Government Area is available in the Crime by location tool at www.crimestatistics.vic.gov.au (External link).

1.4 Investigation status

As at 18 April 2017, 28.0% of offences in the category of Crimes against the person had resulted in an Arrest (22,336 offences). There were 25.0% of offences resulting in a Summons (19,944 offences) and 18.0% remained Unsolved (14,345 offences). For 19.5% (15,527 offences) an Intent to summons in the future had been recorded and the remaining 9.5% (7,614 offences) resulted in either a Caution/Official warning, Penalty Infringement Notice or Other outcome.

The majority of Property and deception offences (64.2%, 208,399 offences) remained Unsolved as at 18 April 2017, while 22.0% (71,579 offences) had resulted in an Arrest.

There were 66.9% of Drug offences resulting in an Arrest (20,668 offences), while the next most common outcome was a Caution/Official warning 14.5% (4,498 offences).

Public order and security offences were most likely to result in an Arrest (37.1%, 13,222 offences), followed by a Penalty Infringement Notice (33.9%, 12,071 offences).

As at 18 April 2017, just over half of all Justice procedures offences had resulted in an Arrest (50.5%, 35,651 offences) while 27.5% of offences had resulted in a Summons (19,400 offences).

Offences recorded by offence category and outcome, April 2016 to March 2017

 

 

Author
Crime Statistics Agency, 2017
Publisher
Crime Statistics Agency, 2017
Date of Publication

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