Recorded offences

The information outlined in this section represents all offences recorded in the Victoria Police Law Enforcement Assistance Program (LEAP), where Victoria Police have recorded a crime prohibited by criminal law. These include crimes that have been reported to police as well as those identified by police.

2.1 Key movements in the number and rate of offences

 

Year ending September

 

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

1 year

% change

5 year

% change

Number of offences

 433,387

 455,565

 486,887

 543,986

 517,118

-4.9%

19.3%

Offence rate per 100,000

7,558.8

7,803.3

8,187.8

8,962.4

8,398.1

-6.3%

11.1%

 

Victorian offence rate per 100,000 population, 10 year trend

24 month trend testing

The CSA uses a 24 month trend test on each offence subdivision and Local Government Area to highlight changes that are statistically significant. The CSA uses the Kendall’s Rank Order Correlation statistical test (or Kendall‘s tau-b) to determine whether a series is trending upwards, downwards or has been stable over the two years. For more information on the trend test please see the Explanatory notes and for the full data set, please see the offences data tables in Appendix 4 and Appendix 5.

Over the last 24 months, the major offence categories that showed significant upward trends were:

  • Sexual offences (up 17.9% from 12,351 to 14,564)
  • Dangerous and negligent acts endangering people (up 7.8% from 5,539 to 5,972)

The major offence categories that showed significant downward trends were:

  • Stalking, harassment and threatening behaviour (down 7.0% from 12,679 to 11,788)
  • Arson (down 30.3% from 4,487 to 3,127)
  • Property damage (down 5.1% from 43,882 to 41,636)
  • Burglary/Break and enter (down 9.6% from 54,236 to 49,042)
  • Theft (down 8.6% from 187,149 to 171,059)
  • Drug dealing and trafficking (down 14.7% from 4,991 to 4,257)
  • Disorderly and offensive (down 1.0% from 16,581 to 16,411)
  • Justice procedures (down 8.4% from 13,696 to 12,544)

All other major offence categories showed a stable trend over the last 24 months.

2.2 Number of recorded offences by the type of offence

In the past 12 months, 58.1% of offences recorded were coded to the category Property and deception offences, 15.5% were in the category of Crimes against the person, and 13.5% were a Justice procedures offence. Public order and security offences made up 6.9% of all offences recorded and Drug offences accounted for 5.6%. The remaining 0.3% consisted of Other offences not classified elsewhere.

Victorian offences recorded by offence category and quarter

 

Oct – Dec 2016

Jan – Mar 2017

Apr – Jun 2017

Jul – Sept 2017

Total

Oct 2016 – Sept 2017

Number

Crimes against the person

 20,301

 20,868

 18,988

 19,957

 80,114

Property and deception offences

 83,073

 74,959

 73,277

 69,188

 300,497

Drug offences

 7,876

 7,049

 6,934

 7,307

 29,166

Public order and security offences

 9,298

 9,351

 8,668

 8,206

 35,523

Justice procedures offences

 17,302

 18,008

 17,303

 17,453

 70,066

Other offences

 466

 430

 425

 431

 1,752

Total

 138,316

 130,665

 125,595

 122,542

 517,118

Proportion (%)

Crimes against the person

25.3%

26.0%

23.7%

24.9%

100.0%

Property and deception offences

27.6%

24.9%

24.4%

23.0%

100.0%

Drug offences

27.0%

24.2%

23.8%

25.1%

100.0%

Public order and security offences

26.2%

26.3%

24.4%

23.1%

100.0%

Justice procedures offences

24.7%

25.7%

24.7%

24.9%

100.0%

Other offences

26.6%

24.5%

24.3%

24.6%

100.0%

Total

26.7%

25.3%

24.3%

23.7%

100.0%

 

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, 5 year trend

 

In the last 12 months, the number of offences within the category of Crimes against the person increased by 3.4% (2,651 offences) compared to the previous year. This was driven by an increase in Sexual offences and Dangerous and negligent act endangering people, up 17.9% (2,213 offences) and 7.8% (433 offences) respectively. There was an overall decrease in the number of Property and deception offences of 8.0% (25,984 offences). The subdivisions that drove the decrease were Arson, down by 30.3% (1,360 offences), Property damage, down by 5.1% (2,246 offences), Burglary/Break and enter, down by 9.6% (5,194 offences), and Theft, down by 8.6% (16,090 offences).

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, 5 year trend

In the last 12 months, the number of offences within the category of Drug offences decreased by 4.0% (1,231 offences). Drug dealing and trafficking showed a statistically significant downward trend, and decreased by 14.7% (734 offences) compared with the previous year. The number of Public order and security offences decreased by 0.9% (338 offences) compared to the previous year, driven by a decrease in Disorderly and offensive conduct offences by 1.0% (170 offences). There was also a decrease of 8.4% (1,152 offences) in the number of offences recorded for the Justice procedures offence subdivision in the last 12 months.

2.3 Regional profile

In the last 12 months there was a 5.0% decrease in the number of offences recorded in Victoria across all police regions (27,104 offences). North West Metro decreased by 7.6%, Southern Metro region by 5.6% and the Eastern and Western regions decreased by 2.2% and 1.6% respectively. The five Local Government Areas with the highest offence rates were:

  • Melbourne (24,968.6 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 8.8%)
  • Latrobe (18,566.8 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 2.5%)
  • Yarra (13,869.6 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 11.1%)
  • Greater Shepparton (12,474.6 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 2.6%)
  • Horsham (12,433.1 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 13.3%)

Further information on the number and types of offences by Local Government Area is available in the Crime by location tool at www.crimestatistics.vic.gov.au (External link).

2.4 Family violence related offences 

A family incident is counted each time Victoria Police complete an L17 form and may or may not involve a criminal offence. For more information on a family incident please see the Glossary located on the website. The following graph highlights the number of recorded offences that were related to a family incident and those that were not over the past five years. While a family incident may not involve any criminal offences, a single incident may also give rise to multiple offences.

Victorian offences recorded by whether family incident related, 5 year trend

In the last 12 months, 17.5% (90,295) of recorded offences were related to a family incident.

2.5 Investigation status 

At the time of data extraction, 28.8% of offences recorded in the 12 months to 30 September in the category of Crimes against the person resulted in an Arrest (23,046 offences). There were 27.1% of offences resulting in a Summons (21,706 offences) and 16.3% remained Unsolved (13,047 offences). For 18.4% (14,724 offences) an Intent to summons in the future had been recorded and the remaining 9.5% (7,591 offences) resulted in either a Caution/Official warning or Other outcome.

Victorian offences recorded by investigation status, year ending September 2017

 

Arrest

Summons

Caution/ Official warning

Other

Intent to Summons

Unsolved

Total

 

Number

Crimes against the person

 23,046

 21,706

 541

 7,050

 14,724

 13,047

 80,114

Property and deception offences

 68,853

 28,521

 3,250

 4,431

 10,082

 185,360

 300,497

Drug offences

 19,496

 3,341

 4,461

 75

 917

 876

 29,166

Public order and security offences

 12,697

 7,229

 617

 12,350

 1,214

 1,416

 35,523

Justice procedures offences

 36,920

 19,604

 65

 2,459

 5,180

 5,838

 70,066

Other offences

 291

 1,014

 118

 33

 116

 180

 1,752

Total

 161,303

 81,415

 9,052

 26,398

 32,233

 206,717

 517,118

Proportion (%)

Crimes against the person

28.8%

27.1%

0.7%

8.8%

18.4%

16.3%

100.0%

Property and deception offences

22.9%

9.5%

1.1%

1.5%

3.4%

61.7%

100.0%

Drug offences

66.8%

11.5%

15.3%

0.3%

3.1%

3.0%

100.0%

Public order and security offences

35.7%

20.4%

1.7%

34.8%

3.4%

4.0%

100.0%

Justice procedures offences

52.7%

28.0%

0.1%

3.5%

7.4%

8.3%

100.0%

Other offences

16.6%

57.9%

6.7%

1.9%

6.6%

10.3%

100.0%

Total

31.2%

15.7%

1.8%

5.1%

6.2%

40.0%

100.0%

Other includes: Penalty infringement notice, caution not authorised, complaint withdrawn, notice to appear, no offence disclosed, not authorised, offender processed, warrant issued, summons not authorised, presentment and other statuses.

Offences Recorded – Data Visualisation

The offences recorded data visualisation contains the number and rate of recorded offences in Victoria. 

For instructions on how to use the visualisation please download the 'Guide for use' PDF at the end of this page.

 

Author
Crime Statistics Agency, 2017
Publisher
Crime Statistics Agency, 2017
Date of Publication

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