Recorded offences

The information outlined in this section represents all offences recorded in the Victoria Police Law Enforcement Assistance Program (LEAP), where Victoria Police have recorded a crime prohibited by criminal law. These include crimes that have been reported to police as well as those identified by police.

2.1 Key movements in the number and rate of offences 

 

Year ending December 2017

 

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

1 year

% change

5 year

% change

Number of offences

437,838

 459,264

 500,840

 551,662

 504,070

-8.6%

15.1%

Offence rate per 100,000

7,636.4

7,866.7

8,422.4

9,088.9

8,186.2

-9.9%

7.2%

 

Victorian offence rate per 100,000 population, 10 year trend

24 month trend testing - recorded offences

The CSA uses a 24 month trend test on each offence subdivision and Local Government Area to highlight changes that are statistically significant. The CSA uses the Kendall’s Rank Order Correlation statistical test (or Kendall‘s tau-b) to determine whether a series is trending upwards or downwards over the two years. For more information on the trend test please see the Explanatory notes and for the full data set, please see the offences data tables in Appendix 4 and Appendix 5.

Over the last 24 months, there were no major offence categories that showed significant upward trends for recorded offences.

The major offence categories that showed significant downward trends for recorded offences were:

  • Stalking, harassment and threatening behaviour (down 6.0% from 12,454 to 11,701)
  • Arson (down 25.5% from 4,161 to 3,101)
  • Property damage (down 5.8% from 43,847 to 41,324)
  • Burglary/Break and enter (down 15.4% from 54,757 to 46,311)
  • Theft (down 14.2% from 191,689 to 164,432)
  • Drug dealing and trafficking (down 17.2% from 4,999 to 4,138)
  • Cultivate or manufacture drugs (down 11.7% from 1,613 to 1,424)
  • Weapons and explosives offences (down 8.1% from 16,022 to 14,720)
  • Justice procedures (down 10.8% from 13,871 to 12,372)

All other major offence categories did not show a significant trend over the last 24 months.

2.2 Number of recorded offences by the type of offence 

In the past 12 months, 57.5% of offences recorded were coded to the category Property and deception offences, 15.9% were in the category of Crimes against the person, and 6.9% were a Public order and security offences. Justice procedures offences made up 6.7% of all offences recorded and Drug offences accounted for 5.6%. The remaining 0.3% consisted of Other offences not classified elsewhere.

Victorian offences recorded by offence category and quarter

 

Jan – Mar 2017

Apr – Jun 2017 Jul – Sept 2017 Oct – Dec 2017

Total

Jan – Dec 2017

Number

Crimes against the person

 20,858

 18,980

 19,945

20,298 

80,081

Property and deception offences

74,955

73,274

69,165

72,446

289,840

Drug offences

7,052

6,930

7,312

6,904

28,198

Public order and security offences

9,357

8,688

8,273

8,228

34,546

Justice procedures offences

17,993

17,287

17,391

16,974

69,645

Other offences

430

425

442

463

1,760

Total

130,645

125,584

122,528

125,313

504,070

Proportion (%)

Crimes against the person

26.0%

23.7%

24.9%

25.3%

100.0%

Property and deception offences

25.9%

25.3%

23.9%

25.0%

100.0%

Drug offences

25.0%

24.6%

25.9%

24.5%

100.0%

Public order and security offences

27.1%

25.1%

23.9%

23.8%

100.0%

Justice procedures offences

25.8%

24.8%

25.0%

24.4%

100.0%

Other offences

24.4%

24.1%

25.1%

26.3%

100.0%

Total

25.9%

24.9%

24.3%

24.9%

100.0%

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, 5 year trend

In the last 12 months, the number of offences within the category of Crimes against the person increased by 1.5% (1,179 offences) compared to the previous year. This was driven by an increase in Sexual offences up 12.5% (1,608 offences). The 24-month trend test conducted on offences showed a significant decreasing trend in Stalking, harassment and threatening behaviour.

There was an overall decrease in the number of Property and deception offences of 12.6% (41,709 offences). The subdivisions that drove the decrease in the 12 months to December 2017 were; Theft down by 14.2% (27,257 offences), Burglary/Break and enter down by 15.4% (8,446 offences) and Property damage down by 5.8% (2,523 offences). Offence subdivisions Arson, Property damage, Burglary/Break & enter and Theft all showed significant decreasing trends over the past 24 months.

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, 5 year trend

In the last 12 months, the number of offences in Drug offences decreased by 9.6% (3,010 offences). This was driven by decreases in Drug dealing and trafficking, down 17.2% (861 offences) and Drug use and possession, down 8.0% (1,975 offences). There was a significant 24 month downward trend in Drug dealing and trafficking and Cultivate and manufacture drugs offence categories in the period ending December 2017.

The number of Public order and security offences decreased by 4.1% (1,490 offences) compared to the previous year, driven by a decrease in Weapons and explosives offences by 8.1% (1,302 offences). There was a significant 24 month downward trend in offences for this subdivision in the period ending December 2017.

There was also a 3.6% decrease (2,617 offences) in the number of offences recorded for Justice procedures offences in the last 12 months. There was a significant 24 month downward trend for the Justice procedures subdivision in the period ending December 2017.

2.3 Regional profile

In the last 12 months there was an 8.8% decrease in the number of offences recorded in Victoria across all four police regions (48,177 offences). Southern Metro region by 11.9%, North West Metro decreased by 9.3% and the Eastern and Western regions decreased by 7.5% and 4.6% respectively. The five Local Government Areas with the highest offence rates were:

· Melbourne (25,125.0 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 9.7%)

· Latrobe (18,084.5 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 7.6%)

· Yarra (13,988.5 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 8.9%)

· Greater Shepparton (12,516.5 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 5.1%)

· Mildura (12,097.0 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 1.0%)

Further information on the number and types of offences by Local Government Area is available in the Crime by location tool at www.crimestatistics.vic.gov.au (External link).

2.4 Family violence related offences

A family incident is counted each time Victoria Police complete an L17 form and may or may not involve a criminal offence. For more information on a family incident please see the Glossary located on the website. The following graph highlights the number of recorded offences that were related to a family incident and those that were not over the past five years. While a family incident may not involve any criminal offences, a single incident may also give rise to multiple offences.

Victorian offences recorded by whether family incident related, 5 year trend

In the last 12 months, 17.7% (89,176) of recorded offences were related to a family incident.

2.5 Investigation status

At the time of data extraction, 28.6% of offences recorded in the 12 months to 31 December in the category of Crimes against the person resulted in an Arrest (22,907 offences). There were 26.4% of offences resulting in a Summons (21,127 offences) and 17.0% remained Unsolved (13,631 offences). For 18.7% (14,974 offences) an Intent to summons in the future had been recorded and the remaining 9.3% (7,442 offences) resulted in either a Caution/Official warning or Other outcome.

Victorian offences recorded by investigation status, year ending December 2017

 

Arrest

Summons

Caution/ Official warning

Other

Intent to Summons

Unsolved

Total

Number

Crimes against the person

 22,907

 21,127

 575

 6,867

 14,974

 13,631

 80,081

Property and deception offences

 66,804

 27,657

 3,205

 4,459

 9,886

 177,829

 289,840

Drug offences

 18,772

 3,188

 4,319

 72

 963

 884

 28,198

Public order and security offences

 12,174

 7,156

 600

 11,996

 1,287

 1,333

 34,546

Justice procedures offences

 36,474

 19,804

 68

 2,410

 5,187

 5,702

 69,645

Other offences

 340

 985

 112

 31

 106

 186

 1,760

Total

 157,471

 79,917

 8,879

 25,835

 32,403

 199,565

 504,070

Proportion (%)

Crimes against the person

28.6%

26.4%

0.7%

8.6%

18.7%

17.0%

100.0%

Property and deception offences

23.0%

9.5%

1.1%

1.5%

3.4%

61.4%

100.0%

Drug offences

66.6%

11.3%

15.3%

0.3%

3.4%

3.1%

100.0%

Public order and security offences

35.2%

20.7%

1.7%

34.7%

3.7%

3.9%

100.0%

Justice procedures offences

52.4%

28.4%

0.1%

3.5%

7.4%

8.2%

100.0%

Other offences

19.3%

56.0%

6.4%

1.8%

6.0%

10.6%

100.0%

Total

31.2%

15.9%

1.8%

5.1%

6.4%

39.6%

100.0%

Other includes: Penalty infringement notice, caution not authorised, complaint withdrawn, notice to appear, no offence disclosed, not authorised, offender processed, warrant issued, summons not authorised, presentment and other statuses.

Offences Recorded – Data Visualisation

The offences recorded data visualisation contains the number and rate of recorded offences in Victoria. 

For instructions on how to use the visualisation please download the 'Guide for use' PDF at the end of this page.

 

Author
Crime Statistics Agency, 2018
Publisher
Crime Statistics Agency 2018
Date of Publication

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