Recorded offences

This data has now been superseded and is for historical reference only. For the most accurate data, the Crime Statistics Agency (CSA) recommends the use of data from the most recent release. The CSA does not recommend the use of this data to make comparisons over time.

The information outlined in this section represents all offences recorded in the Victoria Police Law Enforcement Assistance Program (LEAP), where Victoria Police have recorded a crime prohibited by criminal law. These include crimes that have been reported to police as well as those identified by police.

2.1 Key movements in the number and rate of offences

Victorian offence rate per 100,000 population, 10 year trend

2.2 Number of recorded offences by the type of offence 

24 month trend testing - recorded offences

The CSA uses a 24 month trend test on each offence subdivision and Local Government Area to highlight changes that are statistically significant. The CSA uses the Kendall’s Rank Order Correlation statistical test (or Kendall‘s tau-b) to determine whether a series is trending upwards or downwards over the two years. For more information on the trend test please see the Explanatory notes and for the full data set, please see the offences data tables in Appendix 4 and Appendix 5.

The major offence categories that showed significant upward trends for recorded offences were:

  • Public nuisance offences (up 14.8% from 3,272 to 3,756)
  • Other government regulatory offences (up 52.0% from 561 to 853)

The major offence categories that showed significant downward trends for recorded offences were:

  • Burglary/Break and enter (down 15.5% from 53,452 to 45,147)
  • Theft (down 12.9% from 189,098 to 164,642)
  • Drug dealing and trafficking (down 14.1% from 4,804 to 4,126)
  • Weapons and explosives offences (down 7.8% from 15,921 to 14,683)
  • Justice procedures (down 7.7% from 13,288 to 12,270)

All other major offence categories did not show a significant trend over the last 24 months.

In the past 12 months, 57.3% of offences recorded were coded to the category Property and deception offences, 16.0% were in the category of Crimes against the person, and 6.9% were Public order and security offences. Justice procedures offences made up 13.9% of all offences recorded and Drug offences accounted for 5.7%. The remaining 0.4% consisted of Other offences not classified elsewhere.

Victorian offences recorded by offence category and quarter

 

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, 5 year trend

 

In the last 12 months, the number of offences within the category of Crimes against the person increased by 0.9% (696 offences) compared to the previous year. This was driven by an increase in Sexual offences up 11.9% (1,586 offences).

There was an overall decrease in the number of Property and deception offences of 11.3% (36,625 offences). The subdivisions that drove the decrease in the 12 months to March 2018 were; Theft down by 12.9% (24,456 offences) and Burglary/Break and enter down by 15.5% (8,305 offences). Offence subdivisions Burglary/Break & enter and Theft showed significant decreasing trends over the past 24 months.

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, 5 year trend

In the last 12 months, the number of offences in Drug offences decreased by 7.6% (2,349 offences). This was driven by decreases in Drug use and possession, down 6.1% (1,505 offences) and Drug dealing and trafficking, down 14.1% (678 offences). There was a significant 24 month downward trend in Drug dealing and trafficking offence categories in the period ending March 2018.

The number of Public order and security offences decreased by 3.4% (1,205 offences) compared to the previous year, driven by a decrease in Weapons and explosives offences by 7.8% (1,238 offences). There was a significant 24 month downward trend in offences for this subdivision in the period ending March 2018.

There was also a 0.9% decrease (656 offences) in the number of offences recorded for Justice procedures offences in the last 12 months, this was driven by a 7.7% (1,018 offences) decrease in the Justice procedures subdivision. There was a significant 24 month downward trend for the Justice procedures subdivision in the period ending March 2018.

2.3 Regional profile

In the last 12 months there was a 7.5% decrease in the number of offences recorded in Victoria across all four police regions (40,632 offences). Southern Metro Region decreased by 12.0%, Eastern region decreased by 7.1% and the North West Metro and Western regions decreased by 6.3% and 4.2% respectively. The five Local Government Areas with the highest offence rates were:

  • Melbourne (21,152.5 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 9.5%)
  • Latrobe (17,867.1 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 7.4%)
  • Yarra (13,661.4 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 4.4%)
  • Horsham (12,410.8 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 5.5%)
  • Greater Shepparton (12,279.8 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 4.4%)

Further information on the number and types of offences by Local Government Area is available in the Crime by location tool at www.crimestatistics.vic.gov.au.

2.4 Family violence related offences

A family incident is counted each time Victoria Police complete an L17 form and may or may not involve a criminal offence. For more information on a family incident see the Glossary located on the website. The following graph highlights the number of recorded offences that were related to a family incident and those that were not over the past five years. While a family incident may not involve any criminal offences, a single incident may also give rise to multiple offences.

Victorian offences recorded by whether family incident related, 5 year trend

In the last 12 months, 17.7% (88,875) of recorded offences were related to a family incident.

2.5 Investigation status

At the time of data extraction, 28.9% of offences recorded in the past 12 months in the category of Crimes against the person resulted in an Arrest (23,199 offences). There were 25.5% of offences resulting in a Summons (20,459 offences) and 17.4% remained Unsolved (13,965 offences). For 19.1% (15,336 offences) an Intent to summons in the future had been recorded and the remaining 9.1% (7,302 offences) resulted in either a Caution/Official warning or Other outcome.

Victorian offences recorded by investigation status, year ending March 2018

Other includes: Penalty infringement notice, caution not authorised, complaint withdrawn, notice to appear, no offence disclosed, not authorised, offender processed, warrant issued, summons not authorised, presentment and other statuses.

Offences Recorded – Data Visualisation

The offences recorded data visualisation contains the number and rate of recorded offences in Victoria. 

For instructions on how to use the visualisation please download the 'Guide for use' PDF at the end of this page.

 

Author
Crime Statistics Agency, 2018
Publisher
Crime Statistics Agency, 2018
Date of Publication

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