The information outlined in this section represents all offences recorded in the Police Law Enforcement Assistance Program (LEAP) database, where Victoria Police have recorded a crime prohibited by criminal law. These include crimes that have been reported to police as well as those identified by police.
2.1 Key movements in the number and rate of offences
Victorian offence rate per 100,000 population, 10 year trend
In the last 12 months there were decreases in the number (26,031 offences) and rate per 100,000 (down 7.0%) for recorded offences, these are the lowest figures since the year ending June 2015. Over the last 10 years the number of recorded offences has increased 31.5% (121,330 offences) from 385,532.
2.2 Number of recorded offences by the type of offence
24 month trend testing - recorded offences
The CSA uses a 24 month trend test on each offence subdivision and Local Government Area to highlight changes that are statistically significant. The CSA uses the Kendall’s Rank Order Correlation statistical test (or Kendall‘s tau-b) to determine whether a series is trending upwards or downwards over the two years. For more information on the trend test please see the Explanatory notes and for the full data set, please see the offences data tables in Appendix 4 and Appendix 5.
The major offence categories that showed significant upward trends for recorded offences were:
- Other government regulatory offences (up 74.5% from 642 to 1,120)
The major offence categories that showed significant downward trends for recorded offences were:
- Burglary/Break and enter (down 16.4% from 52,039 to 43,518)
- Theft (down 8.5% from 182,143 to 166,677)
- Drug dealing and trafficking (down 5.2% from 4,519 to 4,282)
- Justice procedures (down 4.4% from 12,770 to 12,212)
All other major offence categories did not show a significant trend over the last 24 months.
12 month movements - recorded offences
In the last 12 months recorded offences of Crimes against the person increased by 1.5% or 1,218 offences. This was driven by a 10.9% or 1,468 offences increase in Sexual offences to 14,946 in the year ending June 2018. Assault and related offences made up the largest proportion of Crimes against the person incidents (54.1%) followed by Sexual offences (18.6%) and Stalking, harassment and threatening behaviour (14.6%).
The number of recorded offences of Property and deception offences decreased by 27,154 incidents or 8.6% in the last 12 months, driven by an 8.5% (15,466 offences) decrease in Theft to 166,677.
Compared to the previous year, the number of recorded offences of Drug offences decreased by 1.8% (549 offences). This was driven by Drug dealing and trafficking which decreased by 5.2% (237 offences) to 4,282.
The number of recorded offences of Justice procedures offences increased by 1.9% (1,360 offences) to 71,333 in the last 12 months. This was driven by a 3.4% (1,918 offences) increase in Breaches of orders to 59,121.
Victorian offences recorded by offence category and quarter
5 year trend - recorded offences
In the five years to June 2018 the number of recorded of Property and deception offences has fluctuated with a peak in the year ending June 2016. While these offence types have decreased in the last two years the number of recorded offences has increased by 4.2% (11,587 offences) since the year ending June 2014. In the year ending June 2018 the lowest number of offences were recorded for Property Damage (41,000 offences) and Burglary/Break & Enter (43,518 offences) in the CSA data holdings, which go back to July 2004.
Victorian offences recorded by offence category, 5 year trend
In the last five years the number of recorded offences of Crimes against the person has continued to rise and increased by 20.5% or 13,671 offences since the year ending June 2014. In this same period Assault and related offences increased by 15.7% (5,889 offences), Sexual Offences increased by 42.5% (4,454 offences), Dangerous and negligent acts endangering people increased by 40.0% (1,676 offences) and Stalking, harassment and threatening behaviour increased by 9.3% (999 offences).
Proportion of Victorian offences recorded by offence category, 5 year trend
In the five years to June 2018 the proportion of recorded offences of Property and deception offences has steadily decreased. The proportion of Crimes against the person and Justice procedures offences has increased since the year ending June 2014.
In the last 12 months there was a 5.1% decrease in the number of offences recorded in Victoria across all four police regions (26,850 offences). Southern Metro Region decreased by 8.4% (10,583 offences) Eastern region decreased by 5.6% (6,675 offences) and the Western and North West Metro regions decreased by 4.6% (3,977 offences) and 2.8% (5,615 offences) respectively.
The five Local Government Areas with the highest offence rates were:
- Melbourne (21,648.6 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 6.5%)
- Latrobe (18,540.6 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 0.7%)
- Yarra (14,044.0 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, up 0.7%)
- Greater Shepparton (12,596.6 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 0.9%)
- Horsham (12,466.0 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 4.1%)
Further information on the number and types of offences by Local Government Area is available in the Crime by location tool at www.crimestatistics.vic.gov.au .
2.4 Family violence related offences
A family incident is counted each time Victoria Police complete an L17 form and may or may not involve a criminal offence. For more information on a family incident see the Glossary located on the website. The following graph highlights the number of recorded offences that were related to a family incident and those that were not over the past five years. While a family incident may not involve any criminal offences, a single incident may also give rise to multiple offences.
Victorian offences recorded by whether family incident related, 5 year trend
In the last 12 months the proportion of recorded offences related to a family incident increased from 17.0% to 17.7%. While the proportion increased the overall numbers decreased 0.6% (504 incidents) from 90,439 to 89,935 family violence related offences.
2.5 Investigation status
At the time of data extraction, 28.6% of offences recorded in the past 12 months in the category of Crimes against the person resulted in an Arrest (22,987 offences). There were 25.8% of offences resulting in a Summons (20,765 offences) and 17.3% remained Unsolved (13,872 offences). For 19.2% (15,463 offences) an Intent to summons in the future had been recorded and the remaining 9.1% (7,314 offences) resulted in either a Caution/Official warning or Other outcome.
Victorian offences recorded by investigation status, year ending June 2018
Other includes: Penalty infringement notice, caution not authorised, complaint withdrawn, notice to appear, no offence disclosed, not authorised, offender processed, warrant issued, summons not authorised, presentment and other statuses.
Offences Recorded – Data Visualisation
The offences recorded data visualisation contains the number and rate of recorded offences in Victoria. Please note that movements in recorded crime data, especially at the code level may be impacted by changes in legislation and operational police practice. Information is available about notable changes in the explanatory notes, please refer to this information when comparing data over time.
On October 5th 2018 the CSA rectified a coding issue, for more information go to the Coding amendment – drug type by drug offence webpage. As a result the Recorded Offences visualisation tab ‘Drug offence by drug type’ has been updated and so has the associated content in Table 8 ‘Drug offences - July 2008 to June 2018’ in the 'Data Tables - Offence Visualisation - year ending June 2018' spreadsheet. If you have downloaded data prior to this date please ensure that you now download the refreshed data.
For instructions on how to use the visualisation please download the 'Guide for use' PDF at the end of this page.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License .