Recorded Criminal Incidents

A recorded criminal incident is a criminal event that may include multiple offences, alleged offenders and/or victims that is recorded on the LEAP database on a single date and at one location. For more information about counting rules, please refer to the Explanatory Notes.

Key movements in the number and rate of criminal incidents

Victorian criminal incidents and rate per 100,000 population, 10 year trend

Criminal Incidents - Tabular Visualisation

The criminal incidents data visualisation contains the number and rate of criminal incidents in Victoria. You can also view crime data by local government area in the latest crime data by area. Data for these visualisations are available via the Download data button on the latest crime data webpage.

Number of criminal incidents by principal offence category

To best represent the type of offence associated with a criminal incident involving multiple offences, the most serious offence within an incident is determined and this becomes the principal offence to represent the incident. For criminal incidents the most serious charge laid is selected and, if no charges were laid, the most serious offence recorded will be selected. Further information on the derivation of a principal offence for a criminal incident can be found in the CSA paper Offence Types – Differences between Recorded Offences and Criminal Incidents, Year ending 31 March 2018.

Notable movements – criminal incidents

In the last 12 months, the number of criminal incidents increased in the all offence divisions except for Public order and security offences. In the last 12 months, the number of criminal incidents with a principal offence of Property and deception offences increased by 5.6% (12,950 incidents), Other offences increased by 733.7% (5,928 incidents), Justice procedure offences increased by 5.6% (2,786 incidents) and Drug offences increased by 12.1% (1,956 incidents).

The offence types that have contributed to the increase in Criminal incidents include Public health and safety offences up 5,267.3% or 5,952 to 6,065 incidents and Steal from a motor vehicle up 11.6% or 5,854 to 56,428 incidents. In the year ending June 2020 data two new COVID-19 related offences codes were introduced (837AP REFUS/FAIL COMPLY DIR/REQ AUTH OFF (IND) 6,036 offences and 837AQ REFUS/FAIL COMPLY DIR/REQ AUTH OFF (B/C)) and are included in the Public health and safety offences. For more information about the impacts of COVID-19 on crime to end of June 2020 please see Recorded offences or the Police-recorded crime trends in Victoria during the COVID-19 pandemic.

In the five years to June 2020, the number of criminal incidents with a principal offence of Justice procedures offences increased by 22.1% (9,451incidents) and Crimes against the person increased by 16.6% (9,360 incidents) while Property and deception offences decreased by 4.9% (12,716 incidents). 

Victorian criminal incidents recorded by principal offence category, 5 year trend

Please note that movements in recorded crime data may be impacted by changes in legislation and operational police practice. Information is available about notable changes in the Explanatory Notes (External link), refer to this information when comparing data over time.



Crime Statistics Agency, 2020
Crime Statistics Agency, 2020
Date of Publication