Recorded criminal incidents

The information outlined in this section represents all criminal incidents recorded in the Police Law Enforcement Assistance Program (LEAP) database, where Victoria Police have recorded a crime prohibited by criminal law. These include crimes that have been reported to police as well as those identified by police. For more information about counting rules, please refer to the Explanatory Notes.

Key movements in the number and rate of criminal incidents

Victorian criminal incidents and rate per 100,000 population, 10 year trend

 

In the last 12 months, the number of criminal incidents recorded increased by 4,944 incidents while the rate per 100,000 population decreased slightly. This is the lowest criminal incident rate since the year ending June 2015. Over the last 10 years the number of criminal incidents recorded by Victoria Police has increased 22.8% and the rate per 100,000 population has also increased, up 1.7% from the year ending June 2010.

Criminal Incidents - Data Visualisation

The criminal incidents data visualisation contains the number and rate of criminal incidents in Victoria.

For instructions on how to use the visualisation please download the 'Guide for use' PDF at the end of this page.

Number of criminal incidents by principal offence category

To best represent the type of offence associated with a criminal incident involving multiple offences, the most serious offence within an incident is determined and this becomes the principal offence to represent the incident. For criminal incidents the most serious charge laid is selected and, if no charges were laid, the most serious offence recorded will be selected. Further information on the derivation of a principal offence for a criminal incident can be found in the CSA paper Offence Types – Differences between Recorded Offences and Criminal Incidents, Year ending 31 March 2018.

24 month trend testing – criminal incidents

The CSA uses a 24 month trend test on each offence subdivision and Local Government Area to highlight changes that are statistically significant. The CSA uses the Kendall’s Rank Order Correlation statistical test (or Kendall‘s tau-b) to determine whether a series is trending upwards or downwards over the two years. For more information on the trend test see the Explanatory Notes and to see all offence categories, see the recorded criminal incident data tables in Appendix 2 and Appendix 3.

Over the last 24 months, the major principal offence categories that showed significant upward trends for criminal incidents were:

  • Robbery 
  • Stalking, harassment and threatening behaviour 
  • Theft 
  • Deception 
  • Drug use and possession 
  • Weapons and explosives offences 
  • Breaches of orders.

The major principal offence categories that showed significant downward trends for the last 24 months for criminal incidents were:

  • Dangerous and negligent acts endangering people
  • Property damage
  • Burglary/Break and enter.

All other major principal offence categories did not show a significant trend over the last 24 months.

Notable movements – criminal incidents

In the last 12 months the number of criminal incidents increased in all offence divisions except for Public order and security offences.

Criminal incidents with a principal offence of Crimes against the person increased by 3.3% or 2,078 incidents to 64,184. This was driven by a 3.5% (1,380 incidents) increase in Assault & related offence incidents and a 9.7% (667 incidents) increase in Stalking, harassment and threatening behaviour incidents in the year ending June 2019. Assault and related offences made up the largest proportion of Crimes against the person incidents (63.3%).

In the last 12 months criminal incidents with a principal offence of Property and deception offences remained stable at 233,647 (up 45 incidents). Theft increased by 3.9% (5,175 incidents) while Burglary/Break and enter decreased 11.0% (4,541 incidents). In the year ending June 2019 the number of criminal incidents for Burglary/Break & enter and Property Damage were the lowest in the CSA data holdings, which go back to July 2004.

Victorian criminal incidents recorded by principal offence category and quarter in the past 12 months

In the last 12 months criminal incidents with a principal offence of Drug offences increased by 8.7% or 1,301 incidents to 16,307. Criminal incidents with a principal offence of Drug use and possession drove this increase, up 1,025 incidents or 9.2%. Drug use and possession made up the largest proportion of Drug offences (74.7%).

Criminal incidents with a principal offence of Public order and security offences decreased by 1.5% (359 incidents) in the year ending June 2019, the lowest number of incidents since the year ending June 2010.

Compared with the previous reference period the number of criminal incidents with a principal offence of Justice procedures offences increased by 3.8% (1,779 incidents) to 48,903. This was driven by an increase in Breaches of orders incidents, up 3.3% (1,300 incidents), the largest proportion of Justice procedures offences (83.9%).

Proportion of Victorian criminal incidents recorded by principal offence category, 5 year trend

Please note that movements in recorded crime data may be impacted by changes in legislation and operational police practice. Information is available about notable changes in the Explanatory Notes, refer to this information when comparing data over time.

5 year trend – criminal incidents

In the five years to June 2019 the number of criminal incidents increased by 10.0% (35,241 incidents). This increase was driven by criminal incidents with a principal offence of Justice procedures offences up 46.8% (15,592 incidents). Breaches of orders drove this increased, up 10,764 incidents or 35.6% in this 5 year period.

The other driver of this overall increase was criminal incidents with a principal offence of Crimes against the person. This category has continued to increase year on year, and has increased 26.5% or 13,444 incidents since the year ending June 2015. In the last five years Assault and related offences has increased by 21.6% (7,212 incidents), as has Sexual offences up 43.1% (2,522 incidents).

Victorian criminal incidents recorded by principal offence category, 5 year trend

In the last five years the number of incidents with a principal offence of Property and deception offences increased 3.3% (7,480 incidents) with a peak in the year ending June 2016. This five year increase was driven by Theft (up 8.7% or 11,099 incidents) and Deception (up 41.4% or 6,582 incidents). In contrast both Burglary/Break & enter (down 17.2% or 7,630 incidents) and Property damage (down 6.5% or 2,316 incidents) decreased.

Please note that movements in recorded crime data may be impacted by changes in legislation and operational police practice. Information is available about notable changes in the Explanatory Notes, refer to this information when comparing data over time.

Regional profile

In the last 12 months there was an increase in the number of criminal incidents recorded in Victoria across three police regions. There was an increase in the number of criminal incidents recorded in the Southern Metro Region (up 3.0% or 2,652 incidents), Eastern Region (up 2.1% or 1,776 incidents) and Western Region (up 2.6% or 1,554 incidents). There was a decrease in the number of criminal incidents recorded in the North West Metro Region (down 0.7% or 994 incidents). The five Local Government Areas with the highest criminal incident rates were:

  • Melbourne (14,488.3 incidents per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 10.7%)
  • Latrobe (13,034.5 incidents per 100,000 estimated resident population, up 1.6%)
  • Yarra (10,919.1 incidents per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 1.4%)
  • Mildura (9,627.3 incidents per 100,000 estimated resident population, up 4.8%)
  • Greater Shepparton (9,331.4 incidents per 100,000 estimated resident population, up 2.1%)

Further information on the number and types of incidents by Local Government Area is available in the Recorded Criminal Incidents data visualisation at www.crimestatistics.vic.gov.au (External link).

Criminal incidents arising in the context of family violence

A criminal incident is counted as having arisen in the context of family violence when Victoria Police have completed an L17 form and a criminal offence has also been recorded. The following graph highlights the number of criminal incidents that were and were not related to a recorded family incident over the past five years.

Victorian criminal incidents recorded by whether family incident related, 5 year trend

In the last 12 months the numbers of criminal incidents related to a family violence incident increased 5.8% (3,165 incidents) from 54,201 to 57,366. The proportion of criminal incidents related to a family incident increased from 14.2% to 14.8% in the last 12 months. This was a continued upward trend from 11.3% in the year ending June 2015.

Please note that movements in recorded crime data may be impacted by changes in legislation and operational police practice. Information is available about notable changes in the Explanatory Notes, refer to this information when comparing data over time.

Charge status

The charge status indicates when a charge has been laid by Victoria Police at the time these data were extracted from the LEAP database. In the event that no charges have been recorded the investigation status determines whether the incident is categorised as ‘unsolved’ or ‘no charges laid’. The ‘no charges laid’ category represents all investigation statuses other than ‘unsolved’. Both charge and investigation statuses represent information at a point in time and are subject to change. For more information, please refer to the Glossary and Data Dictionary.

A third of all criminal incidents (35.6%) recorded in the last 12 months resulted in charges being laid while half were unsolved (48.5%).

A charge was laid for the majority (73.4%) of Justice procedures offences and Drug offences (60.9%) in the year ending June 2019. The majority of (71.6%) of offences recorded for Property and deception offences were Unsolved. Of the incidents recorded in the category of Crimes against the person, half (48.2%) resulted in charges being laid.

For more information about counting rules, please refer to the Explanatory Notes.

Victorian criminal incidents recorded by charge status, year ending June 2019

 

 

Author
Crime Statistics Agency, 2019
Publisher
Crime Statistics Agency, 2019
Date of Publication

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