Recorded offences

The information outlined in this section represents all offences recorded in the Police Law Enforcement Assistance Program (LEAP) database, where Victoria Police have recorded a crime prohibited by criminal law. These include crimes that have been reported to police as well as those identified by police.

 

Key movements in the number and rate of offences

 

Victorian offence rate per 100,000 population, 10 year trend

In the last 12 months the number of recorded offences increased by 8,502 offences while the rate per 100,000 population decreased by 0.6% to the lowest rate since December 2014. Over the last 10 years the number of recorded offences has increased 35.6% (134,573 offences) from 378,021 offences in the year ending December 2009.

 

 

 

Offences Recorded - Data Visualisation

Please note that movements in recorded crime data, especially at the code level may be impacted by changes in legislation and operational police practice. Information is available about these changes in the Explanatory Notes, please refer to this information when comparing data over time.

For instructions on how to use the visualisation please download the 'Guide for use' PDF at the end of this page.

Number of recorded offences by the type of offence

 

24 month trend testing - recorded offences

The CSA uses a 24 month trend test on each offence subdivision and Local Government Area to highlight changes that are statistically significant. The CSA uses the Kendall’s Rank Order Correlation statistical test (or Kendall‘s tau-b) to determine whether a series is trending upwards or downwards over the two years. For more information on the trend test please see the Explanatory Notes (External link) and for the full data set, please see the offences data tables in Appendix 4 and Appendix 5.

The major offence categories that showed significant upward trends for recorded offences were:

  • Drug use and possession (up 12.3% from 22,637 to 25,415)
  • Breaches of orders (up 8.5% from 57,092 to 61,964)

The major offence categories that showed significant downward trends for recorded offences were:

  • Burglary/Break and enter (down 12.7% from 46,293 to 40,397)
  • Disorderly and offensive conduct (down 2.9% from 16,147 to 15,683)

All other major offence categories did not show a significant trend over the last 24 months.

 

Notable movements - recorded offences

In the last 12 months recorded offences of Crimes against the person increased by 1.0% (775 offences) to 80,785 offences. This was driven by a 2.1% (910 offences) increase in Assault and related offences to 44,282 offences in the year ending December 2018. Assault and related offences made up the largest proportion of Crimes against the person offences (54.8%) followed by Sexual offences (17.4%) and Stalking, harassment and threatening behaviour (15.0%).

The number of Property and deception offences recorded decreased by 1,021 offences (0.4%) in the last 12 months. This was primarily driven by a 12.7% (5,896 offences) decrease in Burglary/Break and enter to 40,397 offences in the year ending December 2018. The overall counts of Property and deception offences are the lowest since the year ending December 2014.

Compared to the previous year, the number of recorded offences of Drug offences increased by 12.0% (3,390 offences) to 31,593 offences. This was driven by Drug use and possession which increased by 12.3% (2,778 offences) to 25,415 offences in the year ending December 2018.

The number of recorded offences of Justice procedures offences increased by 7.1% (4,936 offences) to 74,358 in the last 12 months. This was driven by an 8.5% (4,872 offences) increase in Breaches of orders to 61,964 offences.

Please note that movements in recorded crime data, especially at the offence code level, may be impacted by changes in legislation and operational police practice. Information is available about notable changes in the Explanatory Notes (External link), refer to this information when comparing data over time.

 

Victorian offences recorded by offence category and quarter

5 year trend - recorded offences

In the five years to December 2018 the number of recorded of Property and deception offences peaked in the year ending December 2016. While these offence types have decreased in the last two years the number of recorded offences has increased by 5.9% (16,162 offences) since the year ending December 2014. In the year ending December 2018 the number of offences recorded for Property Damage (40,036 offences) and Burglary/Break & Enter (40,397 offences) were the lowest in the CSA data holdings, which go back to July 2004.

 

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, 5 year trend

In the last five years the number of recorded offences of Crimes against the person has increased by 18.4% (12,549 offences). In this same time period Assault and related offences increased by 18.4% (6,868 offences), Sexual Offences increased by 24.0% (2,719 offences), Dangerous and negligent acts endangering people increased by 38.1% (1,639 offences) and Robbery increased by 30.8% (747 offences).

 

Proportion of Victorian offences recorded by offence category, 5 year trend

In the five years to December 2018 the proportion of recorded offences of Property and deception offences and Public order and security offences decreased while the proportion of Justice procedures offences and Crimes against the person have increased.

Please note that movements in recorded crime data may be impacted by changes in legislation and operational police practice. Information is available about notable changes in the Explanatory Notes (External link), refer to this information when comparing data over time.

 

Regional profile

In the last 12 months there was an increase in the number of offences recorded in Victoria across in all four police regions. The North West Region increased 2.7% (5,207 offences), Southern Metro Region increased by 1.8% (2,111 offences), Western Region increased by 0.6% (506 offences) and the Eastern region increased by 0.1% (154 offences).

The five Local Government Areas with the highest offence rates were:

  • Melbourne (20,758.1 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 9.0%)
  • Latrobe (19,470.2 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, up 8.9%)
  • Horsham (15,167.1 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, up 25.7%)
  • Yarra (13,932.1 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, up 1.1%)
  • Mildura (13,224.2 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, up 12.1%).

 

Further information on the number and types of offences by Local Government Area is available in the Recorded Offences data visualisation at www.crimestatistics.vic.gov.au (External link).

 

Family violence related offences

A family incident is counted each time Victoria Police complete an L17 form and may or may not involve a criminal offence. For more information on a family incident see the Glossary located on the website. The following graph highlights the number of recorded offences that were related to a family incident and those that were not over the past five years. While a family incident may not involve any criminal offences, a single incident may also give rise to multiple offences.

Victorian offences recorded by whether family incident related, 5 year trend

In the last 12 months the proportion of recorded offences related to a family incident increased from 17.8% to 18.1%. The overall number of family incidents recorded increased 3.5% (3,165 offences) from 89,494 to 92,659 family violence related offences.

 

Investigation status

Investigation status indicates how the offence has been dealt with by Victoria Police at the time data was extracted from the LEAP database. This status represents information at a point in time and is subject to change. For more information, please refer to the Glossary and Data Dictionary (External link).

Almost half of all offences recorded in the last 12 months (46.7% or 239,236 offences) had resulted in an Arrest/Summons while over a third were unsolved (39.2% or 201,183 offences) at the time of data extraction.

The majority (79.7%) of Justice procedures offences resulted in an Arrest/Summons in the year ending December 2018 (59,245 offences). In contrast almost two thirds (61.6%) of offences recorded in the category of Property and deception offences were Unsolved (178,024 offences). Of the offences recorded in the category of Crimes against the person over half resulted in an Arrest/Summons (43,109 offences).

Victorian offences recorded by investigation status, year ending December 2018

Other includes: Penalty infringement notice, caution not authorised, complaint withdrawn, notice to appear, no offence disclosed, not authorised, offender processed, warrant issued, summons not authorised, presentment and other statuses.

 

 

Author
Crime Statistics Agency, 2019
Publisher
Crime Statistics Agency, 2019
Date of Publication

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