Recorded offences

The information outlined in this section represents all offences recorded in the Police Law Enforcement Assistance Program (LEAP) database, where Victoria Police have recorded a crime prohibited by criminal law. These include crimes that have been reported to police as well as those identified by police.

 

Key movements in the number and rate of offences

 

Victorian recorded offences and rate per 100,000 population, 10 year trend

 

 

In the last 12 months the number of recorded offences increased by 12,825 offences, the rate per 100,000 population also increased slightly. The number of recorded offences has increased 36.2% (137,016 offences) from the year ending March 2010.

 

Offences Recorded - Data Visualisation

Please note that movements in recorded crime data, especially at the code level may be impacted by changes in legislation and operational police practice. Information is available about these changes in the Explanatory Notes, please refer to this information when comparing data over time.

For instructions on how to use the visualisation please download the 'Guide for use' PDF at the end of this page.

Number of recorded offences by the type of offence

 

24 month trend testing - recorded offences

The CSA uses a 24 month trend test on each offence subdivision and Local Government Area to highlight changes that are statistically significant. The CSA uses the Kendall’s Rank Order Correlation statistical test (or Kendall‘s tau-b) to determine whether a series is trending upwards or downwards over the two years. For more information on the trend test please see the Explanatory Notes (External link) and for the full data set, please see the offences data tables in Appendix 4 and Appendix 5.

The major offence categories that showed significant upward trends for recorded offences were:

  • Assault and related offences (up 3.3% in the last 12 months, from 43,327 to 44,772)
  • Stalking, harassment and threatening behaviour (up 5.8% in the last 12 months, from 11,689 to 12,366)
  • Drug use and possession (up 12.9% in the last 12 months, from 23,066 to 26,051)
  • Weapons and explosives offences (up 8.5% in the last 12 months, from 14,695 to 15,937)
  • Breaches of orders (up 11.7% in the last 12 months, from 57,246 to 63,943).

The major offence categories that showed significant downward trends for the last 24 months for recorded offences were:

  • Burglary/Break and enter (down 13.5% in the last 12 months, from 45,128 to 39,019)
  • Other government regulatory offences (down 9.2% in the last 12 months, from 836 to 759).

All other major offence categories did not show a significant trend over the last 24 months.

 

Notable movements - recorded offences

In the last 12 months the number of recorded offences increased in all offence divisions. A major contributor to the increase in offences was a 10.3% increase (7,134 offences) in the number of recorded offences for Justice procedures offences to 76,624 offences. This was driven by an 11.7% increase (6,697 offences) in Breaches of orders to 63,943 offences. The other major contributor to the increase in offences was the number of recorded offences of Drug offences, which increased 13.0% (3,717 offences) to 32,397 offences. This was driven by Drug use and possession which increased 12.9% (2,985 offences) to 26,051 offences in the year ending March 2019. 

In the last 12 months recorded offences of Crimes against the person also increased, 1.3% (1,005 offences) to 81,173 offences. This was driven by a 3.3% (1,445 offences) increase in Assault and related offences to 44,772 offences in the year ending March 2019. Assault and related offences made up the largest proportion of Crimes against the person offences (55.2%). In contrast Sexual offences decreased 8.1% (1,213 offences) to 13,720 offences.

Compared with last year the number of Property and deception offences recorded increased by 443 offences (0.2%). This was primarily driven by a 13.5% decrease (6,109 offences) in Burglary/Break and enter to 39,019 offences in the year ending March 2019. In contrast Theft increased by 3.5% (5,692 offences) to 170,338 and Deception increased by 8.6% (2,899 offences) to 36,559.

Please note that movements in recorded crime data, especially at the offence code level, may be impacted by changes in legislation and operational police practice. Information is available about notable changes in the Explanatory Notes (External link), refer to this information when comparing data over time.

 

Victorian offences recorded by offence category and quarter

 

5 year trend - recorded offences

In the five years to March 2019 the number of recorded offences increased by 2.6% (12,825 offences). Recorded offences numbers peaked in the year ending March 2017. A key driver of this was the 36.5% (20,503 offences) increase in Justice procedures offences, followed by a 6.4% (17,294 offences) increase in Property and deception offences. The latter peaked in the year ending 2017.

 

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, 5 year trend

 

The five year increase in Property and deception offences was driven by Theft (up 15.3% or 22,648 offences) and Deception (up 10.5% or 3,469 offences). In contrast both Burglary/Break and enter (down 13.2% or 5,950 incidents) and Property damage (down 6.4% or 2,682 incidents) decreased. In the year ending March 2019 the number of offences recorded for Property Damage (39,376 offences) and Burglary/Break & Enter (39,019 offences) decreased.

In the year ending March 2019 the number of recorded offences for Burglary/Break & Enter and Property Damage were the lowest in the CSA data holdings, which go back to July 2004.

In the last five years the number of recorded offences of Crimes against the person also increased (up 19.0% or 12,942 offences). In this same time period Assault and related offences increased by 21.0% (7,759 offences), Sexual Offences increased 18.6% (2,152 offences), Dangerous and negligent acts endangering people increased 37.4% (1,593 offences) and Robbery increased 36.4% (878 offences).

 

Proportion of Victorian offences recorded by offence category, 5 year trend

 

In the five years to March 2019 the proportion of recorded offences of Property and deception offences and  Public order and security offences decreased while the proportion of Justice procedures offences and Crimes against the person increased.

Please note that movements in recorded crime data may be impacted by changes in legislation and operational police practice. Information is available about notable changes in the Explanatory Notes (External link), refer to this information when comparing data over time.

 

Regional profile

In the last 12 months there was an increase in the number of offences recorded in Victoria across all four police regions. There was an increase in the number of recorded offences in the North West Region (up 2.0% or 3,853 offences), Eastern region (up 3.2% or 3,522 offences), Southern Metro Region (up 2.5% or 2,830 offences) and the Western Region (up 2.4% or 1,948 offences). The five Local Government Areas with the highest offence rates were:

  • Melbourne (19,696.9 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 9.0%)
  • Latrobe (19,372.9 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, up 8.8%)
  • Horsham (14,382.8 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, up 16.0%)
  • Greater Shepparton (13,448.0 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, up 9.0%)
  • Yarra (13,292.6 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 2.1%).

 

Further information on the number and types of offences by Local Government Area is available in the Recorded Offences data visualisation at www.crimestatistics.vic.gov.au (External link).

 

Family violence related offences

A family incident is counted each time Victoria Police complete an L17 form and may or may not involve a criminal offence. For more information on a family incident see the Glossary located on the website. The following graph highlights the number of recorded offences that were related to a family incident and those that were not over the past five years. While a family incident may not involve any criminal offences, a single incident may also give rise to multiple offences.

 

Victorian offences recorded by whether family incident related, 5 year trend

 

The number of offences related to family incidents increased 6.9% (6,196 offences) from 89,197 to 95,393. In the last 12 months the proportion of recorded offences related to a family incident also increased from 17.7% to 18.5%.

Please note that movements in recorded crime data may be impacted by changes in legislation and operational police practice. Information is available about notable changes in the Explanatory Notes (External link), refer to this information when comparing data over time.

 

Investigation status

Investigation status indicates how the offence has been dealt with by Victoria Police at the time data was extracted from the LEAP database. This status represents information at a point in time and is subject to change. For more information, please refer to the Glossary and Data Dictionary (External link).

Almost half of all offences recorded in the last 12 months (46.8%) resulted in an Arrest/Summons while over a third were unsolved (39.0%) at the time of data extraction.

The majority (79.6%) of Justice procedures offences and Drug offences (77.0%) resulted in an Arrest/Summons in the year ending March 2019. In contrast almost two thirds (61.4%) of offences recorded in the category of Property and deception offences were Unsolved. Of the offences recorded in the category of Crimes against the person over half (52.9%) resulted in an Arrest/Summons.

 

Victorian offences recorded by investigation status, year ending March 2019

Other includes: Penalty infringement notice, caution not authorised, complaint withdrawn, notice to appear, no offence disclosed, not authorised, offender processed, warrant issued, summons not authorised, presentment and other statuses.

 

Author
Crime Statistics Agency, 2019
Publisher
Crime Statistics Agency, 2019
Date of Publication

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