Recorded offences

The information outlined in this section represents all offences recorded in the Police Law Enforcement Assistance Program (LEAP) database, where Victoria Police have recorded a crime prohibited by criminal law. These include crimes that have been reported to police as well as those identified by police.

Key movements in the number and rate of offences

Victorian recorded offences and rate per 100,000 population, 10 year trend

 

In the last 12 months the number of recorded offences increased by 7,640 offences and the rate per 100,000 population decreased slightly. The number of recorded offences has increased 35.4% (134,608 offences) from the year ending June 2010.

Offences Recorded - Data Visualisation

Please note that movements in recorded crime data, especially at the code level may be impacted by changes in legislation and operational police practice. Information is available about these changes in the Explanatory Notes, please refer to this information when comparing data over time.

For instructions on how to use the visualisation please download the 'Guide for use' PDF at the end of this page.

Number of recorded offences by the type of offence

24 month trend testing – recorded offences

The CSA uses a 24 month trend test on each offence subdivision and Local Government Area to highlight changes that are statistically significant. The CSA uses the Kendall’s Rank Order Correlation statistical test (or Kendall‘s tau-b) to determine whether a series is trending upwards or downwards over the two years. For more information on the trend test please see the Explanatory Notes and for the full data set, please see the offences data tables in Appendix 4 and Appendix 5.

The major offence categories that showed significant upward trends for recorded offences were:

  • Theft
  • Drug use and possession
  • Weapons and explosives offences
  • Breaches of orders.

The major offence categories that showed significant downward trends for the last 24 months for recorded offences were:

  • Sexual offences
  • Burglary/Break and enter 
  • Other government regulatory offences.

All other major offence categories did not show a significant trend over the last 24 months.

Notable movements – recorded offences

In the last 12 months the number of recorded offences increased in the following offence divisions, Justice procedures offences, Drug offences and Crimes against the person.

Victorian offences recorded by offence category and quarter

A major contributor to the increase in recorded offences was Justice procedures offences which increased 8.1% (5,754 offences), to 76,880 offences. This was driven by an 8.5% increase (5,014 offences) in Breaches of orders to 63,962 offences, this category made up 83.2% of Justice procedures offences.

The other major contributor to this increase was the number of recorded offences of Drug offences which increased 8.8% (2,632 offences) to 32,515 offences. This was driven by Drug use and possession which increased 8.1% (1,951 offences) to 26,048 offences in the year ending June 2019 this category made up 80.1% of Drug offences.

In the last 12 months recorded offences of Crimes against the person increased, 1.2% (927 offences) to 81,210 offences. This was driven by a 3.3% (1,452 offences) increase in Assault and related offences to 44,916 offences in the year ending June 2019. Assault and related offences made up the largest proportion of Crimes against the person offences (55.3%). In contrast Sexual offences decreased 9.4% (1,401 offences) to 13,519 offences.

Compared with last year the number of Property and deception offences recorded decreased by 864 offences (0.3%). This was driven by a 10.7% decrease (4,641 offences) in Burglary/Break and enter to 38,881 offences in the year ending June 2019 and a 4.2% decrease in Property damage (1,727 offences) to 39,235. In contrast Theft increased by 2.8% (4,623 offences) to 171,306.

Proportion of Victorian offences recorded by offence category, 5 year trend

Please note that movements in recorded crime data, especially at the offence code level, may be impacted by changes in legislation and operational police practice. Information is available about notable changes in the Explanatory Notes, refer to this information when comparing data over time.

5 year trend – recorded offences

In the five years to June 2019 the number of recorded offences increased by 8.9% (42,131 offences). Recorded offences numbers peaked in the year ending June 2016. A key driver of this was the 32.2% (18,728 offences) increase in Justice procedures offences, followed by a 17.3% (11,989 offences) increase in Crimes against the person and a 3.7% (10,149 offences) increase in Property and deception offences.

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, 5 year trend

The five year increase in Justice procedure offences was driven by a 24.7% (12,688 offences) increase in Breaches of orders (note there have been significant legislative changes to this offence category see Spotlight: Breaches of orders – The Impact of Legislative Changes for more information).

The increase in the last five years for the number of recorded offences of Crimes against the person was driven by Assault and related offences (up 19.4% or 7,292 offences), Sexual Offences (up 17.5% or 2,013 offences) and Dangerous and negligent acts endangering people (up 33.4% or 1,458 offences).

Increases in Property and deception offences over the past five years were driven by Theft (up 12.8% or 19,504 offences) and Deception (up 4.9% or 1,656 offences). In contrast both Burglary/Break and enter (down 15.9% or 7,361 offences) and Property damage (down 7.8% or 3,309 offences) decreased.

Please note that movements in recorded crime data may be impacted by changes in legislation and operational police practice. Information is available about notable changes in the Explanatory Notes, refer to this information when comparing data over time.

Regional profile

In the last 12 months there was an increase in the number of offences recorded in Victoria across three police regions. There was an increase in the number of recorded offences in the Eastern region (up 4.2% or 4,660 offences), Western Region (up 2.6% or 2,107 offences) and the Southern Metro Region (up 1.6% or 1,790 offences). While there was a decrease in the number of recorded offences in the North West Region (down 0.6% or 1,142 offences). The five Local Government Areas with the highest offence rates were:

  • Melbourne (18,944.5 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 14.2%)
  • Latrobe (18,915.8 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, up 2.4%)
  • Horsham (13,723.5 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, up 9.9%)
  • Greater Shepparton (13,257.2 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, up 4.7%)
  • Yarra (13,090.2 offences per 100,000 estimated resident population, down 6.5%).

Further information on the number and types of offences by Local Government Area is available in the Recorded Offences data visualisation above.

Family violence related offences

A family incident is counted each time Victoria Police complete an L17 form and may or may not involve a criminal offence. For more information on a family incident see the Glossary located on the website. The following graph highlights the number of recorded offences that were related to a family incident and those that were not over the past five years. While a family incident may not involve any criminal offences, a single incident may also give rise to multiple offences.

Victorian offences recorded by whether family incident related, 5 year trend

The number of offences related to family incidents increased 6.9% (6,179 offences) from 90,095 to 96,274. In the last 12 months the proportion of recorded offences related to a family incident also increased from 17.8% to 18.7%.

Please note that movements in recorded crime data may be impacted by changes in legislation and operational police practice. Information is available about notable changes in the Explanatory Notes, refer to this information when comparing data over time.

Investigation status

Investigation status indicates how the offence has been dealt with by Victoria Police at the time data was extracted from the LEAP database. This status represents information at a point in time and is subject to change. For more information, please refer to the Glossary and Data Dictionary.

Almost half of all offences recorded in the last 12 months (46.3%) resulted in an Arrest/Summons while over a third were unsolved (39.4%) at the time of data extraction.

The majority (79.5%) of Justice procedures offences and Drug offences (76.6%) resulted in an Arrest/Summons in the year ending June 2019. In contrast almost two thirds (62.2%) of offences recorded in the category of Property and deception offences were Unsolved. Of the offences recorded in the category of Crimes against the person over half (52.9%) resulted in an Arrest/Summons.

Victorian offences recorded by investigation status, year ending June 2019

Other includes: Penalty infringement notice, caution not authorised, complaint withdrawn, notice to appear, no offence disclosed, not authorised, offender processed, warrant issued, summons not authorised, presentment and other statuses.
 

Author
Crime Statistics Agency, 2019
Publisher
Crime Statistics Agency, 2019
Date of Publication

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