Recorded Offences

Recorded offences include any criminal act or omission by a person or organisation for which a penalty could be imposed by the Victorian legal system. For more information about counting rules, please refer to the Explanatory Notes (External link)

Key movements in the number and rate of offences

Victorian recorded offences and rate per 100,000 population, 10 year trend


Since early 2020 Victoria has been responding to the global COVID-19 pandemic through the use of public health and social responses. In Victoria, these responses have resulted in periods with varying levels of restrictions on people’s movements; including working from home wherever possible, remote learning for students, the introduction of curfews, temporary closures of some businesses, restrictions on activities deemed non-essential, limits to social gatherings, and new hygiene sanitation practices, including the introduction of mask-wearing in public. The Victorian Government public health response to COVID-19 has been supported by the introduction of six new COVID-19-related offences codes relating to breaches of Chief Health Officer Directions. There were 32,713 breach of Chief Health Officer Directions offences recorded, driving the significant increase in Public health and safety offences. The number of recorded offences increased by 4.4% or 23,229 offences to 551,710 in the year ending September 2020.

Offences Recorded - Tabular Visualisation

The offences recorded data visualisation contains the number and rate of offences recorded in Victoria. You can also view crime data by local government area in the latest crime data by area. Data for these visualisations are available via the Download data button on the latest crime data webpage.

Number of recorded offences by type of offence

Notable movements – recorded offences

In the last 12 months, the number of recorded offences increased for Other offences (up 2,426.4% or 32,684 offences), Drug offences (up 16.9% or 5,682 offences) and Justice procedures offences (up 5.3% or 4,145 offences). In contrast decreases were observed for Property and deception offences (down 5.1% or 15,045 offences) and Public order and security offences (down 14.7% or 5,171 offences).

The offence types that have contributed to the increase in Recorded offences include Public health and safety offences up 27,907.7% or 32,652 to 32,769 offences, Breach family violence order up 11.7% or 5,284 to 50,462 offences and Drug possession up 19.9% or 5,219 to 31,483 offences.

In the year ending September 2020 data six new COVID-19-related Breach of Chief Health Officer’s Direction offence codes were introduced. There were 32,713 of these offences recorded in Public health and safety offences, here is a breakdown by offence code:

  • 837AP REFUS/FAIL COMPLY DIR/REQ AUTH OFF (IND) – 29,223 offences
  • 837AQ REFUS/FAIL COMPLY DIR/REQ AUTH OFF (B/C) – 66 offences
  • 837AR - REF/FAIL COMPLY DIR/REQ WEAR FACE COVER – 3,337 offences

For more information about the impacts of COVID-19 on crime to end of September 2020 please see the CSA paper Police-recorded crime trends in Victoria during the COVID-19 pandemic: update to the end of September.

In the five years to September 2020, the number of recorded offences for Property and deception offences decreased by 13.4% (43,706 offences) while Justice procedures offences increased by 15.3% (10,989 offences).

Victorian offences recorded by offence category, 5 year trend

Please note that movements in recorded crime data may be impacted by changes in legislation and operational police practice. Information is available about notable changes in the Explanatory Notes (External link), refer to this information when comparing data over time.


Crime Statistics Agency, 2020
Crime Statistics Agency, 2020
Date of Publication