A victim report is counted when an individual, business or organisation is recorded on LEAP as being a victim of one or more criminal offences. A victim report involves only one victim but can involve multiple offences and alleged offenders. One report may involve offences that occur over a period of time but if processed by Victoria Police as one report it will have a count of one in the data presented in this section.
Where there were multiple offences recorded within the one victim report, the report is represented by an assigned offence category of the most serious offence, this is referred to as the principal offence.
Key movements in the number and rate of victim reports
Victim reports, 10 year trend
In the last 12 months there was an increase of 1,993 victim reports and an increase of 8.7% (24,135 victim reports) from 276,817 in the year ending December 2009. The rate per 100,000 population decreased by 1.6% in the last 12 months, the lowest in the CSA data holdings, which go back to July 2004.
Number of victims by principal offence category
In order to assign an offence type to a victim report with multiple offences, the most serious offence within a report is determined and this becomes the principal offence for the victim report.
Of the 300,952 victim reports in the last 12 months, 235,240 (78.2%) had a principal offence of Property and deception offences, 65,599 reports (21.8%) were Crimes against the person and the remaining 113 victim reports were Other offences. The proportion of victim reports with a principal offence of Crimes against the person has increased in the last five years from 19.4% (54,117 victim reports) in the year ending December 2014.
Sex and age of victims
In the last 12 months, 219,431 victims were people (72.9%) and 81,521 victims were businesses or organisations (27.1%). These proportions have remained consistent over time. Over the last five years the number of person victims increased (6.7% or 13,751 victim reports) as did business or organisation victims (11.5% or 8,420 victim reports).
Of the 215,337 victim reports where sex was recorded, 55.2% (118,806 victim reports) were a male victim, while 44.8% (96,531 victim reports) were a female victim. In the last 12 months male victim reports increased 0.2% or 267 victim reports while female victim reports decreased 0.6% or 572 victim reports. Five year trends show that these numbers have increased, up from 110,662 for male victim reports (7.4%) and up from 89,004 for female victim reports (8.5%).
Victim reports by age group and sex, year ending December 2018
Age patterns are similar between males and females where a person victim report was recorded by Victoria Police. However proportionally, female victims are concentrated in the younger age groups with 21.7% of female victims below 25 years of age compared to 18.1% of males. There were slightly more male victims in the older age groups than females, with 35.5% of males aged 45 and over compared with 31.6% of females. These trends have remained consistent over the last 5 years.
Victims of a Property and deception offence were more likely to be males, making up 58.6% (90,255) of the victim reports in this offence category. For the offence category Crimes against the person, females were more likely than males to be victims with 54.1% (35,372) of this offence category.