Alleged offender incidents by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status

An alleged offender incident is an incident involving one or more offences where an individual, business or organisation has been recorded as an alleged offender. For more information about counting rules, please refer to the Explanatory Notes (External link)

Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander status for alleged offender incidents are based on the most frequent recording of the Indigenous status for each offender. Under this counting rule, a person has either a yes or no response to the Standard Indigenous Question (SIQ) on their record, then the most frequent recorded response is taken as correct. If the person only has one meaningful response, then that response stands across all records. If a person appears in the dataset two different times with a ‘yes’ and a ‘no’ in the records, a ‘yes’ response is taken over a ‘no’ response. For more information on how this counting rule operates see the Explanatory Notes (External link)

For the purposes of the presentation of these data the term Aboriginal refers to the most frequent response a person has provided to Victoria Police when the SIQ was asked (Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander status). 

Key movements in the number and rate of alleged offender incidents by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status

Victorian alleged offender incidents by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders status, 10 year trend

Since early 2020 Victoria has been responding to the global COVID-19 pandemic through the use of public health and social responses. In Victoria, these responses have resulted in periods with varying levels of restrictions on people’s movements; including working from home wherever possible, remote learning for students, the introduction of curfews, temporary closures of some businesses, restrictions on activities deemed non-essential, limits to social gatherings, and new hygiene sanitation practices, including the introduction of mask-wearing in public. The Victorian Government public health response to COVID-19 has been supported by the introduction of six new COVID-19-related offences codes relating to breaches of Chief Health Officer Directions. There were 32,713 breach of Chief Health Officer Directions offences recorded, driving the significant increase in Public health and safety offences.   

Alleged Offender Incidents by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status  - Tabular Visualisation

Number of alleged offender incidents by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status by principal offence category

To best represent the type of offence associated with an incident involving multiple offences, the most serious offence within the incident is determined and this becomes the principal offence to represent the incident. 

Notable movements – alleged offender incidents by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status

In the last 12 months, the number of Aboriginal alleged offender incidents increased across all principal offence categories, except for Public order and security offences and Justice procedure offences. In the 12 months to September 2020, the number of alleged offender incidents with a principal offence of Other offences increased by 10,966.7% (1,316 incidents), Drug offences increased by 34.0% (211 incidents), Crimes against the person increased by 5.8% (194 incidents) and Property and deception offences increased by 2.8% (164 incidents). 

In the year ending September 2020 data six new COVID-19-related Breach of Chief Health Officer Directions offences codes were introduced and are included in the Public health and safety offences. For more information about the impacts of COVID-19 on crime to end of September 2020 please see Recorded offences or the Police-recorded crime trends in Victoria during the COVID-19 pandemic: update to the end of September.

In the last five years, the number of Aboriginal alleged offender incidents with a principal offence of Crimes against the person increased by 17.7% (535 incidents), Drug offences increased by 72.3% (349 incidents) and Justice procedures offences increased by 17.6% (289 incidents).

Alleged offender incidents by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Status by principal offence, 5 year trend

Please note that movements in recorded crime data may be impacted by changes in legislation and operational police practice. Information is available about notable changes in the Explanatory Notes (External link), refer to this information when comparing data over time.


Crime Statistics Agency, 2020
Crime Statistics Agency, 2020
Date of Publication